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20 terms

APUSH Vocab Week 18

STUDY
PLAY
Initiative, referendum, recall
Initiative: people have the right to propose a new law. Referendum: a law passed by the legislature can be reference to the people for approval/veto. Recall: the people can petition and vote to have an elected official removed from office. These all made elected officials more responsible and sensitive to the needs of the people, and part of the movement to make government more efficient and scientific.
Trust-busting
(law) government activities seeking to dissolve corporate trusts and monopolies (especially under the United States antitrust laws)
Bull Moose party
a former political party in the United States
Square Deal
Economic policy by Roosevelt that favored fair relationships between companies and workers
Monroe Doctrine
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
new imperialism
Historians' term for the late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century wave of conquests by European powers, the United States, and Japan, which were followed by the development and exploitation of the newly conquered territories
Jingoism
extreme, chauvinistic patriotism, often favoring an aggressive, warlike foreign policy
Spanish-American war
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
USS Maine
Ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helps contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War
Teller Amendment
Legislation that promised the US would not annex Cuba after winning the Spanish-American war
Rough Riders
The First United States Volunteer Calvary, a mixure of Ivy League athletes and western frontiermen, volunteered to fight in the Spanish-American War. Enlisted by Theodore Roosevelt, they won many battles in Florida and enlisted in the invasion army of Cuba.
Alaska / Hawaii
The US acquired Hawaii and Alaska
Platt Amendment
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble
Open Door policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Spheres of influence
areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly (ex. Europe and U.S. in China)
Boxer Rebellion
A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country.
Big-stick diplomacy
Diplomatic policy developed by T.R where the "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them and was the basis of U.S. imperialistic foreign policy.
Panama Canal
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
Roosevelt Corollary
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Gentlemen's Agreement
Agreement when Japan agreed to curb the number of workers coming to the US and in exchange Roosevelt agreed to allow the wives of the Japenese men already living in the US to join them