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Terms in this set (42)

The main character of the story is... Mrs. Mallard

The setting of the story is... Mrs. Mallard's house

Mrs. Mallard has trouble with her... heart

Did Mr. Mallard die in the story.? no

Did Mrs. Mallard die in the story? yes

Mrs. Mallard want to be? free

Mrs. Mallard's sister is? Josephine

Setting the time and place the story takes place

Characters the actors in the story

Plot sequence of related events in the story

Point of View the vantage point from which the story is being told

Theme the main message of the story

The fact that Mrs. Mallard is the one that dies and not Mr. Mallard is an example of... irony

The story takes place in the present, past or future? past

The story is told in 1st, 2nd or 3rd person? 3rd person

B mrs mallard has
a diabetes
b heart trouble
c arthritis

A when louise mallard first hears of her husband's death, she
a cries
b prays
c jumps with joy

C louise mallard feels _______ by her husband's death
a betrayed
b lonely
c set free

C mr mallard was a ______ husband
a absent
b abusive
c loving

A mrs mallard looks forward to _____
a living only for herself
b traveling to exotic places
c marrying again

D the narrator in the story describes the home they have rented for the summer as
a beautiful and stately
b run down and spooky
c like a prison
d b and c

A during her 'cure', the narrator is
a forbidden to visit certain relatives
b allowed to write
c forced to sleep in the crib with her baby
d a and c

A john and her brother are ________
a physicians
b university professors
c journalists

D the narrator begins to see ______ in the wallpaper
a eyes
b shadowy shapes
c a woman
d all of the above

D at the end of the story, the narrator ______
a crawls around the room
b crawls over her husband's unconscious body
c says she has gotten free despite her husband and jane
d all of the above

Ironic The author is saying don't get married because it is a form of slavery for woman, the women's vow for marriage is to love, to honor, and to OBEY
She's being joyful because she won't be a slave anymore, and has her own life to live she's being held back by being a housewife
After she says she is free, she dies
Spring time new life, new birth
She's being honest with her feelings
She lived for her husband, but now she'll live for herself
Free body and soul
Brently had been far from the railroad accident, and did not even know there was one
The doctors said that her death is caused by her overwhelming joy when she sees her husband alive, but she was actually disappointed because her brief moment of freedom was taken away from her (stereotype of male doctors)

Setting Louise Mallard's house
Beautiful spring day
1980s

Louise Mallard heart condition, husband "died", at first acted sadly, and then she was happy, unhappily married, a babe

Brently Mallard "died" and happily married

Josephine Louise's sister

Richards Brently's friend, works at newspaper office

Theme A women's role after marriage, a housewife

Quotes "Free, free, free!"
Opening line which told us that she had heart trouble foreshadows the outcome of he dying

Louise Mallard protagonist, has a heart condition, husband "died", at first acted correctly then was happy husband died, unhappily married, and a babe

Brently Mallard "died" and happily married

Josephine Louise's sister

Richards Brently's friend

important quotes "aquiver with the new spring life", "lines bespoke repression", "But she felt it, creeping out of the sky, reaching toward her through the sounds, the scents, the color that filled the air", "When the doctors came they said she had died of heart disease---of joy that kills"

Author Kate Chopin

Character Louise Mallard
Brently Mallard (husband)
Josephine
Richards (Brently's friend)

Why is Mrs. Mallard's heart disease introduced in the first sentence of the story? From the opening line of the story, we learn that Mrs. Mallard's health is poor. She suffers from "heart trouble" (95). The significance of this is fully realized when the shock of seeing her husband at the end of the story causes her death.

What is Mrs. Mallard's reaction to the news? Mrs. Mallard receives the news of her husband's death with full understanding of its gravity. The third person narrator emphasizes that Louise does not experience "a paralyzed inability to accept its significance" (95), and the "storm of grief" (95) that follows reinforces the fact that she realizes the magnitude of what she has just been told.

Describe the setting in paragraphs 4 to 6. Is this significant? The storm of Mrs. Mallard's public grief passes quickly in the temporal organization of the narrative, and contrasts with her private response to the news in her room. In the confinement of her room, Louise Mallard finds release. The death of Brently Mallard is juxtaposed against the promise of life—the setting outside Louise's window is "all aquiver with the new spring life" (95). Behind her closed door, she drinks in "a very elixir of life through that open window" (96); she experiences a "monstrous joy" (96). Brently's death, then, signals Louise's rebirth.

What are the "daring" themes of "The Story of an Hour"? Brently Mallard "had never looked save with love upon her" (96), and yet she welcomes his death as an escape from an oppressive marriage. Chopin's description of Louise as "young, with a fair, calm face, whose lines bespoke repression" (96), and Louise's thought that "A kind intention or a cruel intention made the act seem no less a crime" (96), comment pointedly and negatively on this marriage. Many readers have extrapolated this to be a comment on the position of women in nineteenth-century marriage. Louise's joy over being released by her husband's death from her marriage daringly flouts the conventional expectations of the dutiful wife that were current in Chopin's time.

What ironies do you find in "The Story of an Hour"? Louise's triumph is brief. The moment she accepts her freedom, she leaves her room; the moment she leaves her room, she loses her newly gained freedom. As Louise Mallard descends the stairs, Brently Mallard opens the front door and Louise Mallard is shocked to death. The doctors' explanation is the final irony of the story. Mrs. Mallard did die of joy, but it is not the joy of seeing her husband again.

author Kate Chopin

main character: Mrs. Mallard

plot part Mrs. Mallard has heart trouble so her sister is careful to break the news to her that he husband has died in a train accident because his name (Brently) was on the list of dead. Mrs. Mallard goes to he room and feels like she if free from her husband and is overjoyed my his death. then Brently walks in the front door and Mrs. mallard gets a heart attack and dies of "happiness".

themes the "forbidden joy of independence"- where Mrs. Mallard has to celebrate her joy in the secrecy of her room.

the "inherent oppressiveness of marriage" she is trapped in an unsatisfying marriage

symbols "heart trouble" - her unhappiness in marriage, finally kills her

open window- represents the new freedom that she gained

spring beauty- instead of creating a somber mood for the bad news, it represents new beginning

year written 1894

Louise Mallard main character, her husband allegedly dies

Brently Mallard Louise's husband

Josephine Louise's sister

Richards Brently's friend

From: "Story of an Hour" She said it over and over under her breath: "free, free, free!"

From: "Story of an Hour" She did not know; it was too subtle and too elusive to name. But she felt it, creeping out of the sky, raching toward her through the sounds, the scents, the color that filled the air.

From: "Story of an Hour" "Free! Body and soul free!" she kept whispering.

From: "Story of an Hour" No: she was drinking in a very elixir of life through that open window.

From: "Story of an Hour" When the doctors came they said she had died of heart disease-of joy that kills
- They are in a vacation
- Unique:
○ Beautiful garden
○ Isolated
○ Ghostly --- haunted
§ No one has lived there in a long time and it was rented out very cheaply
- Condition:
○ Is depressed
○ Not allowed to work or write
○ Is taking all kind of tonic and phosphates/phosphites
§ Doesn't see any improvement
- Relationship w/ husband:
○ Doesn't really have a lot of say
○ Care for each other but not very close
○ Sometimes gets very angry with him
§ Constantly tells her what she should be doing
□ Has a schedules prescription for every hour of the day
- Bedroom:
○ Hates it --- color and pattern of wallpaper
§ Bother her
○ Believes it used to be a nursery or play-room
○ Are bars on the windows --- credits that to being a nursery
- Has a child but can't take care of it because of anxiety and depression
- Goes back to talking about wallpaper --- begins seeing eyes and faces in the wallpaper --- is bothered
- Constantly comes back to wallpaper in her writing; begins seeing a second design behind original design and she sees a figure of a person
- Condition is getting worse:
○ Crying all the time
○ Harder to write
○ Wants to visit cousins but husband says no
- Middle of night: sees a stooping woman behind the pattern of the wallpaper
○ Seems like it's moving --- gets out of bed
- Husband calls her "Little girl"
- Is obsessing over the wallpaper and she doesn't want to leave until she's figured out the pattern
○ She now constantly smells the scent of the wallpaper no matter where she is + she can't figure out what it is
- Notices a smooch going all around the room and doesn't stop ; INSANE ASYLUM!!!
- She now sees the woman all over the place:
○ Is sure there is a woman
○ Sometimes there's multiple women
○ Believes she shakes the wallpaper
○ Sees her creeping around during the daylight outside
- Now feels possessive and bonded to the wallpaper and "freeing the woman";
○ Doesn't want anyone else to touch/study it
○ Has become a part of her
○ Is her undertaking
- Goes totally crazy and by the end, believes she is the woman behind the wallpaper;
○ She is the one who created the smooch (creeping: her shoulder fits)
○ She marked up the floors
○ She tore down all the wallpaper
○ She bit off a piece of the bedpost

- Was written to shed light on the horidity of "rest cure" that was prescribed to women and how it could drive people mad
- WHEN WOMEN WERE "SICK" were supposed to spend most of their time alone or sleeping; they weren't allowed to do anything artistic; narrator was prescribed for nervousness (anxiety)
- MAIN CHARACTER DOESN'T LIKE WALLPAPER BECASUE [she] doesn't like the color; offends her "artistic eye"; is boring
- EVENTUALLY she believes that she is the "woman caught in the wallpaper" who was creeping and trying to escape.
- THE WOMAN CHANGES THROUGHOUT THE STORY BECAUSE she becomes more obsessed with the wallpaper and protective of it; could've lost reality right off the bat because she doesn't realize that she's doing anything; loses it when the wallpaper start "moving" - when she starts seeing figures in the wallpaper
- THE FIRST PERSON NARRATION gives it a more realistic view of what she is thinking; makes it a little harder to follow and decide what is real and what she is thinking; makes it more interesting because you need to piece together what she tells us - gives us more insight into what's in her mind
- WALLPAPER SYMBOLIZES restraints on women during this time period ; Wallpaper symbolizes how she feel imprisoned by her marriage where she feels trapped and confined and doesn't have a say ; Symbolizes her illness/madness on a greater scale - mental instability
- GILMAN'S WORK WAS INSPIRED BY fact that when she went to this world-renowned mental specialist, he barely examined her and prescribed the "rest cure" and this made it worse for Gilman. She wrote The Yellow Wallpaper to show how the "rest cure" does not help but drives women insane.