White Temple and its ziggurat. Uruk, Mesopotamia (modern day Warka, Iraq). c. 3500-3000 BCE, Sumerian, mud brick.
Palette of King Narmer. Egypt. Predynastic Egypt. c. 3000-2920 BCE, Greywacke.
Statues of votive figures, from the Square Temple at Eshnunna (modern day Tell Asmar, Iraq). c. 2700 BCE, Sumerian, Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone.
Seated scribe. Saqqara, Egypt. Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty. c. 2620-2500 BCE, painted limestone.
Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur (modern day Tell el-Maqayyar, Iraq). c. 2600-2400 BCE, Sumerian. Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone.
Great Pyramids (Menkaura, Khafre, Khufu) and Great Sphinx, Giza, Egypt. Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty. c. 2550-2490 BCE. Cut limestone
King Menkaura and queen. Menkaura Valley Temple. Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty. c. 2490-2472 BCE. Greywacke.
The Code of Hammurabi. Babylon (modern day Iran). c. 1792-1750 BCE, Susian. Basalt.
Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostle Hall. Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt. New Kingdom, 18th and 19th Dynasties. c. 1550 BCE; hall c. 1250 BCE. Cut sandstone and mud brick.
Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut. Near Luxor, Egypt. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty. c. 1473-1458 BCE, Sandstone, partially carved into a rock cliff, and granite.
Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters. New Kingdom (Amarna), 18th Dynasty.1353-1335 BCE, Limestone.
Tutankhamun's tomb, innermost coffin. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty. c. 1323 BCE. Gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones.
Last Judgment of Hu-Nefer, from his tomb (page from the Book of the Dead). Thebes, Egypt. New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty. c. 1275 BCE, painted papyrus scroll.