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14 terms

Art History: Gothic Art

STUDY
PLAY
Jamb Figures--Cult of the Saints, Chartres
c. 1220
from the south transept portal
more lifelike, more detailed
not fully attached to the jamb
Virgin and Child (Virgin of Paris)
Notre-Dame
c.1300-1350
stylistic s-curve pose
association w/ royalty (fleur de lys)
Death of the Virgin tympanum
Strasbourg Cathedral, France
c.1230
...
Rottgen Pieta (Virgin with the Dead Christ) (Vesperbild)
Rhineland, GErmany
c.1325
painted wood--3 ft tall
horror/shock/pity/grief
influenced by famines, wars, plagues--started emphasis on ecstatic joy/extreme suffering
St. Denis (constructed/planned by Abbot Suger)
c.1440-1144
1st gothic church (in france)
Lux Nova=more light
Chartres Cathedral
begun 1134--rebuilt after 1194
the back later rebuilt even more gothically
Notre-Dame
Paris
begun 1163
nave and flying buttresses 1180
remodeled after 1225
FLYING BUTTRESSES--additional support on the outside so walls can be THINNER AND HIGHER= more SPACE/LIGHT
Sainte-Chapelle
Paris c. 1245
built by Louis IX to store relics
ALL STAINED GLASS (typical gothic)
new gothic style: Rayonnant (b/c of its radiating bar tracery)
Madonna Enthroned w/ Angels and Prophets
by CIMABUE
c.1280
temperal on wood--12'x7'
tilted head (byzantine)
directs focus towards JEsus
Jesus holding up "peace sign)
Madonna Enthroned
by GIOTTO
c.1310
tempera on wood--11'x7'
realistic space + facial construction
focus on Jesus AND Mary
gothic cathedral style throne--"Aedicula"
...
Maesta Altarpiece
by DUCCIO
c.1308-1311
tempera+gold on wood panel
massive in size--7'x13'
gothic/byzantine influence
made to thank Mary for a sienese victory against florence--sienses pride
finishing date=holiday
*very soft humans and drapery--more realistic
...
Annunciation of Saints
by Simone Martini (+Lippo Memi)
c.1333
tempera+gold on wood panel
Mary= dainty
figures more graceful
dove=holy spirit--while lilies=purity
mary holding bible=historically inaccurate
mary frightened/surprised
Allegory of Good Government/Allegory of Good Government in the Country
(fresco) by Lorenzetti brothers
c.1338-1340 from Palazzo Pubblico, Siena
secular--showing off city's good gov't/inspire good decision-making
...
Sienna vs. Florence
major competition going on
key players:
Duccio (sienese)
Giotto (florence)

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