Soci Study Guide Exam 1
Terms in this set (53)
Groups that are set apart on the basis of obvious physical differences within a society. dealing with a Phenotype.
Groups that are set apart on the basis of cultural traits and nationality. Such as Language, cultural traditions or practices, etc.
how race is created, inhabited, transformed, and destroyed.
A subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than do the members of a dominant or majority group
True or False: Being superior in numbers does not guarantee a group has control over its destiny or ensure majority status
when a minority and a majority come together to form a new group
The development of solidarity between ethnic subgroups
Assumes social structure is understood in terms of conflict/tension between competing groups. This conflict is significant to economic disparity and structural inequality.
when small groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identities usually in the work force
Negative attitude that rejects an entire group. Relates to a negative belief or an attitude.
Depriving group of certain rights/opportunities. It is an action.
Prejudice expressed using Ethnic slurs; derisive nicknames; speaking about/to a group condescendingly; generalizing entire races
the relationships between negative attitudes and behaviors
all weather liberal
one of the four theories in Mertons typology which relates to a believer in equality and practices it.
one of the four theories in Mertons typology which relates to a believer who is not completely committed to equality.
one of the four theories in Mertons typology which relates to a someone who does not believe in equal treatment but varies in their willingness to act
Prejudiced non discriminator
A Timid bigot
A reluctant liberal
Unprejudiced non discriminator
A all weather liberal is
when prejudice people believe they are societies victims. This is when an individual (group) projects and blames their own inadequacies or problems onto another group.
Prejudice is rationally and economically motivated on the basis of self interests. The dominant group benefits from prejudice in that it is rooted within the exploitation of a group.
Unreliable generalizations about members of a group and
do not take individual differences into account. Often exaggerated and negative images of a group. Come from a variety of sources.
The use of race-neutral principles to defend the racially unequal status quo. Recognition that race is rarely invoked in public debates on social issues
The tendency to approach or withdraw from a racial group
Emory Bogardus Scale
Used to measure social distance empirically
And describes different degrees of social contact or social distance. "how willing they would be to interact with various racial and ethnic groups in specified social situations".
Conscious experience of a negative discrepancy between legitimate expectation & present actuality. Being "relatively deprived" compared to some other group.
The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups.
True or False: Institutional Discrimination cannot be unconscious - it is not a function of awareness of discrimination
The pattern of discrimination against people:
Trying to buy homes in minority and racially changing neighborhoods. also Applied to areas other than housing
Efforts to ensure that hazardous substances are controlled so that:
All communities receive protection regardless of race or socioeconomic circumstance
1994 Executive order
Requires all federal agencies to ensure that low-income and minority communities have:
Access to better information about their environment and have an opportunity in shaping government policies that affect their community's health
Positive effort to recruit subordinate-group members, including women. Has been viewed as an important tool for reducing institutional discrimination.
A legal debate that ordered the medical school of UC Davis
to admit Allan Bakke, a qualified White engineer who had originally been denied admission solely on the basis of his race.
However, in states that have been barred from using race explicitly in admissions, Latino and Black enrollment drop drastically
An emotional term which conjures up the notion that somehow women and minorities will subject White men in the U.S. to the same treatment received by minorities during the last three centuries
Barrier that blocks the promotion of a qualified worker
Because of gender or minority membership
Refers to the male advantage experienced in occupations dominated by women. Men who chose to enter female-dominated occupations are often rewarded with promotions and positions of responsibility coveted by their fellow female workers
Fear of something foreign (Language)
Beliefs and policies favoring native-born citizens over immigrants.
Chinese Exclusion Act
1882 Act that Denied naturalization rights to Chinese in US for 10+ years legal immigration declined
Immigration and Naturalization
1965 Act which initiated restrictions on immigration from Latin America. Primary goals were to reunite families and protect American labor market.
Contemporary Social Concern in that Skilled workers, professionals, & technicians desperately needed by their home countries and not to be immigrated into other nations
a study that examines national impact of immigration Or only its effect on a local area
Money that immigrants return to their country. Widely recognized as critical to the survival to millions of households worldwide.
States have sought legal redress because federal government has not seriously considered granting aid to heavily burdened states
Citizenship is conferred on a person after birth.
This is a process outlined by Congress and extends to foreigners the same benefits given to native-born United States citizens
Principle of third generation
In 1952 Marcus Hansen developed the idea that "grandchildren have spiked interest for their own ethnicity"
Symbols of ones culture such as; festivals/holidays, clothing, organizations, political issues
Maintaining ethnicity can be a critical step toward successful assimilation within the larger society
A large organized religion that is not linked officially with the government
Religious attitudes are not as extreme or radical. Such as: Methodists and Presbyterians
Religious attitudes have a strict adherence to ones own fundamental doctrines. Such as: Southern Baptists and Missouri Lutherans
Conflicting with the rest of society in that they reject assimilation and coexistence in some for of cultural pluralism. Such as: the Amish
The idea that life is so complex it could only have been created by a higher intelligence.
Interpreting religion literally
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