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71 terms

Medical Terminology Chapter 1 and 2

Homework Study Questions..not terms
STUDY
PLAY
The basic unit of all living things is the:
a. organ
b. system
c. tissue
d. cell
d. cell
The abdominal cavity contains the:
a. esophagus
b. urinary bladder
c. liver
d. spinal cord
c. liver
The major covering of the exernal surface of the body is made up of?
epithelial tissue
the throacic cavity contains the?
lungs
The structure in the cell that contains the chromososmes is the?
nucleus
Groups of similar cells that perform specific functions make up?
tissues
Tissue responsible for coordinating and controlling body activities is?
nervous tissue
Two or more kinds of tissue that together perform special body functions are called?
an organ
The combining form of hist/o is defined as
tissue
the combinging form of my/o is defined as
muscle
the combining form that means internal organs is
viscer/o
A combining form that means flesh is
sarc/o
The combining form onc/o is defined as
tumor
the combining form that means cause (of disease) is
eti/o
The combining form of carcin/o means
cancer
The combining form chrom/o is defined as
color
The combining form that means red is
erythr/o
The combining form lei/o is defined as
smooth
The prefix that means after, beyond, change is
meta
The suffix that means control, stop, and standing is
stasis
The suffix-plasia is defined as
a condition of formation, development, growth
The suffix that means a substance or agent that produces or causes is
-gen
The prefix that means through, complete is
dia
The suffix -genic is defined as
producing, originating, causing
The suffix -sarconoma is defined as
malignant tumor
The term taht means new growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor) is
neoplasm
A tumor composed of muscle tissue is
myoma
The term rhabdomyosarcoma is defined as
malignant tumor of striated muscle
the term carcinoma is defined as
cancerous tumor
The correct way to analyze the term melanocarcinoma is
melan/o/carcin/oma
A tumor composed of fat is a
lipoma
The term neruroma is built from which of the following combinations of word parts?
word root, combining vowel, and suffix
The term that means cancerous tumor of a glandular tissue is
adenocarcinoma
The term that means disease of the body is
somatopathy
The study of tissue is called
histology
hyperplasis is defined as cell development that is
excessive
Incomplete development of an organ or tissues is called
hypoplasia
The study of of cells is
cytology
the term karyocyte is defined as
a cell with a nucleus
the term that means pertaining to the internal organs of the body is
visceral
If a tumor is becoming progressively worse and is likely to cause death, it is
malignant
The term idiopathic is defined as
pertaining to a disease of unknown origin
If a tumor is found to be benign, it is
nonrecurrent
The term that means cancer in the early stage, before invading the surrounding tissue is
carcinoma in situ
The term that means an increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms is
exacerbation
A substance that that produces cancer is said to be a
carcinogen
The term that means state of complete knowledge is
diagnosis
A term that means abnormal condition of bluish discolorationis
cyanosis
the study of disease is called
pathology
The term taht means a physician who studies and treats tumors is
oncologist
Cancer that has spread to another organ is called
metastasis
Xanthochromic means
pertaining to yellow color
Organoid is a medical term meaning
resembling an organ
The plural form for carcinoma is
carcinomata
The plural ending for "-ix" is
-ices
The abbreviation RBC means red blood cell, also known as
erythrocyte
The abbreviaton for the medical term meaning state of complete knowledge is
Dx
Tumors of connective tissue usually develop rapidly and metastasize through the lymph channels. These tumors are called:
Sarcomas
The presence of fibroid tumors is a common diagnosis in fertile women over 40 years of age. Becuase they are derived from the smooth muscle of the uterus, they are called
leiomyomas
A disease or disorder orgininating in the body as opposed to a psychological construct would be referred to as
somatogenic
The oncology patient's pathology report stated that there is metastasis present, whcih would mean that
the cancer has spread literal beyond control
The physician wrote in his progress note that the patient is in remission, meaning
there is imporovement or absence of signs and symptoms of the disease
A medical term formed from the first letters of the words in a phrase, which can be spoken as a whole word and usually contains a vowel, such as laser, is
an acroym
Terms built from the name of a person, often a physician or scientisit who was the first to identify a condition or technique, such as alzheimer disease is
an eponym
The word part that contains the fundamental meaning of the word is the
word root
The word part that is attached to the beginning of a word root to modify its meaning is the
prefix
The word part that is attached to the end of a word root to modify its meaning is the
suffix
All medical terms have at least one
word root
A combining form is made up of a
word root and a combining vowel
A combining vowel is used to
ease word pronunciation
The most common combining vowel is
o