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Pre Colonization and the American Revolution
Terms in this set (50)
Land Bridge Theory
Glaciers: thick sheet of ice creating bridge
Crossed artic waters by boat and traveled southward along Pacific Coast
250-900 AD in Central America, Created most accurate calendar known til modern day, Civilization vanished.
Capital Tenochtitlan, Leader Monetzuma, Human sacrifice dominated religion
1400s: empire largest in the world Coast, Cuzco capital
Native American Cultural Regions
Region in which groups of people have a similar way of life
Storytelling memorized history and beliefs, Passed on Generation to Generation
First European to come to new world, traveled from Greenland to new colony
First European to have contact with Native Americans
America got its name from this explorer
First European to circumnavigate the globe
transfer of people, products, and ideas between the hemispheres
Spanish conquerors of the Americas
Conquered the Inca
Spanish land grant permitting the right to use Native Americans as slave laborers
large farms worked by laborers who live on the property
Bartolome de Las Cases
priest from Spain wanted to reform treatment of Native Americans
Spanish imported African Slaves to the new world
colonies existed to make the home country wealthy and powerful
Native American Impacts of Colonization
European diseases, over trapping, took native lands
Atlantic Slave Trade
Buying, transporting, and selling of Africans for work in the Americas
A three way system of trade that sent slaves to America, Raw Materials to Europe, and guns to Africa
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America
Jamestown (Southern Colonies)
Characterized by agriculture and the tobacco industry, initially inhabited by indentured servants
Mid Atlantic Colonies
Characterized by farming, shipbuilding, iron mining, production of paper, glass, textiles, religious and political tolerance.
New England Colonies
Characterized by a short growing season, long and cold winters, rocky soil, trade, and religious intolerance.
French fur trade
Traded with Native Americans for furs and created alliances with tribes, causing tensions to lessen between Native Tribes
French Indian War/Seven Years War
Global conflict between the expanding French and British Empires.
Treaty of Paris
Declared British as the victor of the Seven Years War leaving them with massive amounts of land and debt
An intellectual movement in which human reason and rational are used to make decisions and ask questions
Mass amounts of American colonists accepting and embracing enlightened thought.
A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British
Tax imposed by Parliament to help settle war debts and limit colonial tea trade/ensure East Indie Tea trade
British guards opened fire on a crowd killing five Americans
Taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc. to help settle war debts
Boston Tea Party
Protest against British taxes in which Boston colonists disguised as Mohawks dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor.
Lexington and Concord
First battle of the American Revolution that became known as the place where "the shot heard round the world was fired"
Declaration of Independence
Document explaining why the colonies wanted independence from Britain.
Final revolutionary battle that gave Americans victory in the war.
A government system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
A government system in which state government have more power than the national government
Spells out the principles by which the United States is runs
The Great Compromise
Stated that Congress would be made up of two legislative bodies. A House of Representatives based on population and a Senate based on equal representation.
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
the branch of government charged with the execution and enforcement of laws and policies.
Branch of government charged with creation (writing and signing) of new laws.
Branch of government that decides if laws are constitutional.
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments to the Constitution, passed to ensure specific individual liberties.
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