Events, dates, and descriptions from SAT2 US HIstory For Dummies Cheat Sheet timeline
1492-93 Arrives in the Caribbean. Explores Cuba, Haiti.
Hernando de Soto
1539 Discovers the Mississippi River.
1607 First permanent British settlement in No. Am. Colonized for gold. Had success with tobacco. John Smith, Pocohantas, Powhaten, John Rolfe The Starving Time
1620 Pilgrims arrive from England via Mayflower. Colonized for religious freedom. Mayflower Compact, William Bradford
French and Indian War
1754-63 French and NA vs. British and colonists. Treaty of Paris ends the war.
Sugar and Stamp Acts
1764-65 Br. Parliament imposes and colonists protest. Taxation without representation. Stamp Act Congress
1770 Colonial mob attacks British troops (8). Paul Revere's engraving printed. Night riders
Tea Act, Tea Party, Intolerable Acts
1773-74 Br. Parliament repeals all but Tea Tax. Colonists respond with tea in Boston Harbor. Br.Parliament responds with Coercive (Intolerable) Acts.
First Continental Congress
Lexington and Concord (MA)
1775 Revolutionary War begins as regulars march to seize weapons cache that has been moved.
Second Continental Congress
Declaration of Independence
1776 Thomas Jefferson writes the draft. Delegates of the 2nd CC sign on July 4th. Thomas Paine, Common Sense
Articles of Confederation
1777 Passed at 2nd CC. Not ratified until 1781 while in use.
Treaty of Paris
1783 Britain recognizes American independence.
1787 (under Articles of Confederation) Original states gave up claims to western lands. Allowed for new states.
1787-89 55 men gather to write it. 9 states ratify it. We're the USA.
First President George Washington
Bill of Rights
1791 Ratified by states.
1803 TJ bought from France's Emporer Napoleon at three cents an acre!
War of 1812
ummm...1812! War with Britain. Again. Impressment, burning of WH, Dolley Madison
1820 Congressional trade-off: Missouri enters as a slave state. Slavery forbidden north of 36*30' latitude.
1823 Establishes US domination in the Western Hemisphere in the Era of Good Feelings.
1846-48 US expands to the Pacific coast. Manifest destiny. Gold discovered in CA.
16th President Abraham Lincoln
1860 Southern states begin to secede from the Union.
1861-1865 The North battles the South to preserve the Union.
1862 Lincoln frees slaves in the seceded states.
13th, 14th, 15th Amendments
1865-1870 Congress abolishes slavery and gives rights to African Americans. Reconstruction
Andrew Johnson Impeachment
1868 House votes to impeach, but Senate acquits 17th president.
1869 Completed in Utah.
Chinese Exclusion Act
1882 Congress passes anti-immigration legislation.
Panic of 1893
1893 US economic depression.
Plessy v. Ferguson
1896 Supreme Court rules on segregation: Separate but Equal.
1898 US wins Guam and Puerto Rico and the rights to buy the Philippines.
World War I
1914-18 US enters the war in 1917.
18th & 19th Amendments
1920 Prohibition goes into effect. Women win the right to vote.
US Stock Market Crashes
1929 Great Depression begins. Black Tuesday, Dust Bowl, migration, Hoovervilles
1933 FDR's bid to revive US economy.
1935-39 Congress responds to imminent war in Europe.
1941 Japan bombs the US naval base at Hawaii. US enters WWII
1942 US confines anyone of Japanese descent.
End of World War II
1945 Germany surrenders to the Allies. US drops bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki to end war in Pacific. United Nations charter adopted. Manhattan Project, NM
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
1949 US and 11 other nations form a military alliance.
1950-53 US sends troops to Korea as the Cold War escalates. Soviets, USSR (CCCP), reds
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 Supreme Court rules segregated schools are unconstitutional, overturning Plessy v. Ferguson. Topeka, KS
Rosa Parks / Bus Boycott
1955-56 Arrested for refusing to vacate bus seat for a white man. Boycott in Montgomery, AL. Supreme Court says segregated public transportation unconstitutional.
Bay of Pigs / Cuban Missile Crisis
1961-62 US forces invade Cuba. Near-nuclear showdown with the Soviet Union. JFK, Khrushchev
March on Washington / JFK Assassinated
1963 MLK Jr. leads march for civil rights legislation. President JFK is shot in Dallas, TX. Lee Harvey Oswald, Jack Ruby
Civil Rights Act / Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
1964 Congress passes CR Act. Approves escalation of troops in Vietnam.
Voting Rights Act
1965 Passed by Congress.
Tet Offensive / MLK Jr. Assassinated
1968 Viet Cong activity increases anti-war sentiment. MLK Jr. shot in Memphis, TN.
1973 US troops vacate Vietnam.
Richard Nixon Impeachment
1974 Congress brings charges against Nixon. He resigns.
Camp David Peace Accords
1978 President Jimmy Carter negotiates a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt. Menachem Begin, Anwar Sadat
1986 Exposed: President Reagan's administration secretly defied Congress and provided arms to Iran for cash to help Nicaraguan rebels. Oliver North
Berlin Wall Dismantled
1989 Cold War ends.
Persian Gulf War
1991 US forces Iraq out of Kuwait.
Bill Clinton Impeachment
1998-99 House impeaches 42nd president. Senate defeats it.
Presidential Election: Florida Recount
2000 Al Gore contests George W. Bush's victory and asks for recount. Supreme Court rules this would be unconstitutional. hanging chad
9/11 and the War on Terror
2001 Muslim terrorists hijack 4 commercial airplanes. 2 are flown into the World Trade Center, 1 hits the Pentagon, and 1 crashes in a Pennsylvania field. US invades Afghanistan. Al-Qaeda, Todd Beamer, Let's roll