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15 terms

GRK501 Lesson 1 - Vowels and Dipthongs

GRK501 - Greek 1 from Reformation International Theological Seminary, chapters 1-17 of New Testament Greek for Beginners by Gresham Machen.
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Short Vowels
α ε ο ι υ
Long Vowels
α η ω ι υ
Dipthong open vowels
α ε ο
Dipthong close vowels
ι υ
αι
pronounced like long i as in aisle
ει
pronounced like long a in fate
οι
pronounced like oi in oil
αυ
pronounced like ow in cow
ευ
pronounced like eu in feud
ου
pronounced like oo in food
υι
pronounced like uee in queen
ηυ ωυ
are rare and pronounced by drawing sounds of each letter closely together
Iota Subscript Dipthongs
αι ηι ωι (iota is drawn as subscript under each open vowel and has not effect)
Long Dipthongs
αυ ει ευ ου υι
Short Diphthongs (only on the end of a word, otherwise, long)
αι οι