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45 terms

Windows 7 and Basic Computer Concepts Terms.

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Operating System
Software that controls the hardware attached to your computer.
Graphical User Interface
An interface that uses graphics or pictures to represent commands and actions.
Desktop
The working area of the Windows 7 screen.
Icon
A graphic representation-often a small image on a button-that enables you to run a program or a program function.
ScreenTip
A small note, usually displayed in a yellow box, which provides information about or describes a screen element.
Gadget
A dynamic program that can be moved anywhere on your screen.
Snipping Tool
A program that captures a screen or part of a screen.
Minimize
To remove the window from the screen without closing it.
Maximize
To increase the size of a window to fill the screen.
Windows Explorer
A program that enables you to create and manage folders, and to copy, move, sort, and delete files.
Graphical user interface
GUI is an acronym for _____.
Right
You can activate a shortcut menu by placing the pointer over an object and clicking the ____ mouse button.
Dialog
A box that asks you to make a decision about an individual object or topic is called a ____ box.
Start
The button on the left side of the taskbar that is used to open programs, change system settings, find Windows help, or shut down the computer is called the ___ button.
File
The files and folders stored in the selected disk drive or folder are displayed in the ____ list.
Edit
When you create a new folder, the folder name displays in _____ mode.
Clipboard
When you copy an item, it is stored in the ____, a temporary storage area in Windows.
Compress
You can ___ a file or files to reduce the size of the files or combine files to make them easier to send.
Favorites
When you create a search folder, the search name displays in the Navigation pane in the ____ category.
Tags
A custom file property that is read during searches is the ____ property.
Software
Computer programs.
Application software
Programs that enable you to accomplish a specific tasks or solve a specific need.
Computer network
Two or more computers connected together to enable resource sharing.
Server
Used to manage network resources, this type of computer can be dedicated to a specific task.
DVDs or CDs
Optical disk drives use this type of storage media.
Topology
The layout or design/arrangement of computers connected to a network.
Port
A peripheral device uses this to attach to the computer.
Computer
A programmable electronic device that can input, process, output, and store data.
Hardware
The physical components of a computer system.
Peripherals
Hardware connected outside the computer's system unit.
Console/system unit
The hardware unit that typically contains the CPU, RAM, a hard disk, and a power supply.
Motherboard/system board
A large printed circuit board to which all the other components are connected.
Memory (RAM)
The temporary storage that holds data and instructions waiting to be processed.
CPU
The processing unit.
Spyware
This type of program threatens a user's privacy.
Character
Which of the following requires one byte of storage?
2 GHz
Which of the following units represents the fastest CPU clock speed?
Speaker
Which of the following is not an input device?
Compact disc
Which of the following is an example of optical storage media?
Multitask
Which of the following is not a type of computer?
In RAM
Before a computer can process data, where must data be stored?
Giga
What term, related to computers, means billions?
Microprocessor
Which of the following is not a type of microcomputer?
Firewall
Which of the following can prevent the easy and causal connection to your computer by a nonauthorized user?
Worm
Which of the following is capable of opening a "back door" on a computer and is able to spread without human interaction?