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264 terms

Vocab sem. 2

STUDY
PLAY
elixir
a supposed remedy for all ailments
desiccated
dried up
cessation
a stopping; a discontinuance
juxtapose
to place side-by-side for comparison
kinetic
pertaining to motion
garrulous
talkative
fetish
an object that receives respect or devotion
scintillate
to sparkle; to twinkle; to sparkle intellectually
lachrymose
tearful, weepy
fissure
an opening; a groove; a split
epitome
a typical example
languid
sluggish; drooping from weakness
delineate
to describe, to depict
legerdemain
sleight of hand; deception
libertine
one who leads an immoral life
stanza
a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
couplet
a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse
heroic couplet
a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentameter and written in an elevated style
meter
rhythmical pattern of a poem
rhyme
correspondence in the sounds of two or more lines (especially final sounds)
blank verse
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
free verse
unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern
slant rhyme
a rhyme in which the sounds are similar, but not exact, as in home and come or close and lose
sight rhyme
a form of rhyme that depends on appearance rather than sound (moose, choose)
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
halcyon
calm; pleasant
fastidious
hard to please; fussy
badinage
playful, teasing talk
malapropism
a word humourously misused
garner
to gather; to acquire
kismet
destiny; fate; fortune (one's lot in life)
hegira
flight; escape
paradigm
a model; an example
debauchery
corruption; self-indulgence
milieu
environment; setting
regress
to move backward
bilious
bad tempered; cross
necromancy
magic, especially that practiced by a witch
gumption
courage and initiative; common sense
blandishment
flattery
tercet
three line stanza
quatrain
four line stanza
cinquain
five line stanza
sestet
six line stanza
septet
seven line stanza
octave
eight line stanza
enjambment
the continuation of meaning, without pause or break, from one line of poetry to the next
end-stopped rhyme
a line of verse that ends in a full pause, usually indicated by a mark of punctuation.
scansion
analysis of verse into metrical patterns
onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound they denote
nirvana
a condition of great peace or happiness
salutary
healthful; wholesome
despicable
contemptible; hateful
harlequin
a clown
empathy
an understanding of another's feelings
brevity
briefness; short duration
savant
a person of extensive learning; an eminent scholar
obsequious
excessively submissive or overly
redundant
repetitious; using more words than needed
offal
garbage; waste parts
hoi polloi
the common people; the masses
sentient
conscious; capable of feeling or perceiving
impinge
to encroach; to trespass
cataract
a large waterfall
animosity
hatred
lyric poetry
a type of emotional songlike poetry, distinguished from dramatic and narrative poetry
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
Shakespearean sonnet
a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg
Spenserian Sonnet
a sonnet consisting of three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab bcbd cdcd ee
Petrarchan Sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
ode
a lyric poem with complex stanza forms
ballad
a type of poem that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature
folk ballad
a song that is traditionally sung by the common people of a region and forms part of their culture
literary ballad
a story told in verse where the writer imitates a folk ballad
villanelle
a short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on two rhymes.
sestina
6 six-line stanzas ending with tercet; last words of each line in 1st stanza are repeated as last words in next stanza
dramatic monologue
a poem in which a speaker addresses a silent listener
bombast
impressive but meaningless language
orthography
correct spelling
paleontology
a science dealing with prehistoric
recoil
to retreat; to draw back
panache
self-confidence; a showy manner
saturnine
gloomy; sluggish
endemic
confined to a particular country or area
mendacious
lying; false; deceitful
obviate
to prevent; to get around
paroxysm
a sudden outburst; a fit
aggrandize
to increase the range of; to expand
to make appear larger
deign
to lower oneself before an inferior
flaunt
to show off
shibboleth
a word or pronunciation that distinguishes someone of a particular group
elicit
to draw forth; to call forth
concrete poetry
poetry that uses the appearance of the verse lines on the page to suggest or imitate the poem's subject
closed poetic form
poetic form subject to a fixed structure and pattern
open poetic form
poetic form free from regularity and consistency in elements such as rhyme, line length, and metrical form
rime royal
a seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc, used by Chaucer and other medieval poets.
rondeau
a French verse form of 10 or 13 lines running on two rhymes
pathetic fallacy
the fallacy of attributing human feelings to inanimate objects
archaism
the use of deliberately old-fashioned language
neologism
the act of inventing a word or phrase
poetic license
the freedom a poet has to rhyme or not, make up words, etc.
beat movement
a social and artistic movement of the 1950's stressing unrestrained literary self expression and nonconformity with the mainstream culture
orifice
mouth; opening
hallow
to make holy
perdition
damnation; ruin; hell
chaff
worthless matter
aesthetic
pertaining to beauty
empirical
based on practical experience rather than theory
germane
relevant; fitting
hermetic
tightly sealed
meretricious
attractive in a cheap, flashy way
querulous
complaining; grumbling
flaccid
flabby
hospice
a shelter for travelers or orphans or the ill or the destitute
egregious
remarkably bad; outrageous
ratiocinate
to reason; to think
foment
to stir up; to incite
elegy
a mournful poem
metaphysical poetry
exploration of complex ideas through extended metaphors and paradox
synaesthesia
the use of one kind of sensory experience to describe another
pun
a humorous play on words
juxtaposition
a side-by-side position
volta
the shift or point of dramatic change in a poem
terza rima
an Italian form of iambic verse consisting of eleven-syllable lines arranged in tercets, the middle line of each tercet rhyming with the first and last lines of the following tercet
conceit
a fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor
catachresis
an extravagant, implied metaphor using words in an alien or unusual way
pastoral
a literary work idealizing the rural life (especially the life of shepherds)
refrain
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
salient
significant; conspicuous; standing out from the rest
recant
to withdraw or disavow a statement or opinion
jocular
humorous; lighthearted
palliate
to ease; to lessen; to soothe
malleable
capable of being changed; easily shaped
recreant
a coward; a traitor
affinity
an attraction to
impalpable
unable to be felt; intangible
fiscal
pertaining to finances
regale
to delight with something pleasing or amusing
miscreant
a vicious person
flagellate
to whip; to last
lascivious
lustful or lewd
flout
to ridicule; to show contempt for
salacious
obscene; lustful
alliterative verse
A verse form that uses alliteration as one of the major organizing principles of a poetic line.
cacophony
loud confusing disagreeable sounds
anapest
a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed-stressed syllables
trochee
a metrical unit with stressed-stressed-unstressed syllables
iamb
a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed syllables
dactyl
a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed-unstressed syllables
spondee
a metrical unit with stressed-stressed syllables
pyrrhic
a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed syllables
masculine rhyme
A rhyme ending on the final stressed syllable
feminine rhyme
occurs when the rhyme ends on an unstressed syllable (i.e. "calling" and "falling")
bathos
a change from a serious subject to a disappointing one; triteness or triviality of style
rebuke
to scold; to blame
nonentity
a person or thing of little importance
sang-froid
calmness; composure or cool self-possession
desultory
wandering from subject to subject
hector
to bully; to pester
pandemic
general; widespread
coalesce
to blend; to merge
beguile
to deceive; to charm; to enchant
ennui
boredom; a weariness resulting from a lack of interest
hiatus
a pause or gap
lambent
softly bright or radiant; moving lightly over a surface
ergo
therefore
hubris
excessive pride or self-confidence
pecuniary
pertaining to money; financial
sibilant
a hissing sound
tenor
the meaning of a metaphor
vehicle
the figure that carries the meaning of a metaphor
monometer
one foot per line
dimeter
two feet per line
trimeter
three feet per line
tetrameter
four feet per line
pentameter
five feet per line
hexameter
six feet per line
heptameter
seven feet per line
octameter
eight feet per line
incendiary
causing to excite or inflame
apotheosis
the finest example
contiguous
making contact or touching at some point; side by side
auspicious
signaling favorable or promising results
vociferous
marked by noise; loud
avuncular
similar to an uncle
proletariat
working class or lower class
tenacious
strongly held; not easy to separate
specious
deceptive or misleading
refractory
unmanageable or difficult to control; willful
inimitable
cannot be imitated
malfeasance
poor conduct or wrongdoing, especially on the part of a public official
platonic
marked by the absence of romance or physical attraction
pontificate
speak in a pretentiously dignified or dogmatic way
prurient
given to lustful or lewd thoughts
dystopia
a work of fiction describing an imaginary place where life is extremely bad because of deprivation or oppression or terror
utopia
ideally perfect state
in medias res
in the middle of things
epistolary
written in the form of or carried on by letters or correspondence
existentialism
idea that human beings simply exist, have no higher purpose, and must exist and choose their actions for themselves
transcendentalism
any system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical and material
invective
abusive language
bildungsroman
coming of age story
periodic sentence
a complex sentence in which the main clause comes last and is preceded by the subordinate clause
loose sentence
a complex sentence in which the main clause comes first and the subordinate clause follows
insuperable
not able to be overcome
apex
the highest point of something
acrid
marked by a sharp taste or smell; bitter
fulminate
to voice disapproval or protest
jejune
without interest; dull
hegemony
influence or domination over
truculent
marked by ferocity
credulity
willingness to believe too readily
dross
refuse or waste
verisimilitude
the appearance of truth
viscous
having a thick or sticky consistency like glue
psychosomatic
of or relating to symptoms caused by mental or emotional problems
abnegation
unwillingness to admit reality or truth; denial
polyglot
someone with knowledge of two or more languages
gravitas
seriousness
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
juvenalian satire
harsh, biting satire, full of moral indignation and bitter contempt
Horatian satire
gentle, amused, witty satire; mildly corrective
formal satire
first person, directed towards the reader or another character
indirect satire
The satire is expressed through a narrative and characters are ridiculed by what they say and do.
aphorism
a concise statement of a truth or principle
fabliau
a story telling comic incidents of ordinary life usually with blunt realism and earthy humor
malapropism
humorous misuse of a word
spoonerism
an often comical switching of the first sounds of two or more words
parable
a short moral story (often with animal characters)
antithesis
exact opposite
analogy
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
paradox
contradiction
ethos
beliefs or character of a group
pathos
a quality that arouses emotions (especially pity or sorrow)
logos
an appeal based on logic or reason
nom de plume
pen name
mock epic
a parody of traditional epic form
jargon
vocabulary distinctive to a particular group of people
colloquialism
informal words or expressions not usually acceptable in formal writing
intractable
difficult to manipulate or govern
disseminate
to disperse or scatter
sinecure
a job that provides income but requires little or no work
tendentious
biased in perspective; preferring one view over another
politic
prudent or shrewdly tactful
extemporaneous
done without planning; spur of the moment; unexpected; makeshift
discursive
jumping from one topic to another with out any order or reason
diaspora
a dispersion of people from their homeland
requiem
a religious service or song for the deceased
traduce
to slander someone's reputation
acerbic
sarcastic in mood, tone, or temper; harsh
beatitude
a state of happiness or joy
maladroit
not resourceful or cunning; inept
androgynous
having features of both sexes; suitable for both male and female
augur
someone who predicts future events according to omens
idiomatic expression
an expression that cannot be translated word for word
parallelism
the use of corresponding grammatical or syntactical forms
cliche
a trite or obvious remark
plagiarism
a piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work
header
last name, page number
heading
name, teacher, class, date
works cited page
list of sources that are cited in your research paper
works cited entry
information about one of the sources in a works cited
pagination
page numbers
parenthetical citation
a reference at the end of a sentence that refers to a source in the Works Cited