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APLC Glossary

English terms.
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Allusion
An indirect reference, often to another text or historical event.
Analogy
An extended reference between to seemingly dissimilar things.
Anaphora
The repetition of words at the beginning of successive clauses.
Antecedent
The noun to which a LATER pronoun refers.
Antimetabole
The repetition of words in an inverted order to sharpen a contrast.
Antithesis
Parallel Structure that juxtaposes contrasting ideas.
Aphorism
A short, astute statement of a general truth.
Appositive
A word or phrase that renames a nearby noun or pronoun.
Asyndeton
Leaving out conjunctions between words, phrases, clauses.
Colloquial/ism
An informal or converastional use of language.
Concession
A reluctant aknowledgement or yielding.
Connotation
That which is implied to the word.
Denotation
The literal meaning of a word.
Diction
Word choice.
Elegiac
Mournful over what over what has passes or been lost; often used to describe tone.
Epigram
A brief witty statement.
Hortatory
Urging or strongly encouraging.
Hyperbole
Exaggeration fro the purpose of emphasis.
Inversion (sentance)
A sentance in which a verb precedes the subject.
Juxtaposition
Placement of two things side by side for emphasis.
Metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
Metonymy
Use of an aspect of something to represent a whole.
Nominalization
Turning a verb or adjective into a noun.
Pacing
The speed with which a story is told.
Periodic Sentance
A sentence which builds to a conclusion.
Polemic
An argument against an idea.
Polysyndeton
The deliberate use of a series of conjunctions.
Scheme
A pattern of words or sentence construction used for rhetorical effect.
Sentance Variety
Use of a variety of sentence structure for a desired affect.
Straw Man
a logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position
Syllogism
deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises
Syntax
Sentance structure.
Synthesize
combine so as to form a more complex, product
Trope
artful diction; the use of language in a nonliteral way; also called a figure of speech
Zeugma
When a word is used with two adjacent words in the same construction, but only makes literal sense with one of them