Evangelical Theology Exam 1
Dr. Spencer Allen
Terms in this set (65)
Secondary and tertiary beliefs. Can be translated into "things indifferent" or "matters about which Christians may disagree and still be Christians." Opinions.
The process of providing reasons behind Christianity and the argument for it.
A theologian who argued that Logos (Word)--the Son of God--was not equal with the Father, but a great creature. Early 4th century. Started the Arian movement in Christianity. Believed in subordination.
The perspective that human persons' have a God-given free will and that our decisions and actions are not predetermined by God.
a church father of the 4th century. Argued for the full deity of the Son of God who became human in Jesus Christ. Stark opponent of Arianism. Wrote the Easter Letter which confirmed the canon of the New Testament.
the assent of the mind to a proposition or set of propositions
the accepted books of scripture which are decidedly divinely inspired and the Holy Word of God.
canon in/out-side the canon
Books inside the canon are the books written by church fathers and the apostles that were decidedly divinely inspired and authoritative within the church are in the Bible. Books outside the canon are Christian writings from the early church fathers that did not make it into the Bible.
Believe the completion of the canon of Scripture brought to an end the "utterance of gifts of the spirit" such as prophecy, speaking in tongues, the interpretation of tongues, etc...
the Great Tradition of Christianity that holds the common beliefs that all Christians accept. The core beliefs of all Christians
the place of the second ecumenical council in 381
Confessions of faith and belief written by the early church fathers to reflect proper Christian belief.
The Pope (Bishop of Rome) in the late 4th century. Conclusively identified the canonical books of the Bible and affirmed their divine origin and authority in 382.
The idea that orthodoxy implies a heavy fundamentalism or static worship and spirituality with no life and no contemporary expression. The liturgical church.
Any view of God that portrays Him as both the Creator of the cosmos and relatively uninvolved with, if not uncaring about, the creation.
The secondary category of beliefs that are important to a particular tradition-community of Christians, but are not essential to Christianity as a whole.
Claims that there were four authors or schools of authors who wrote the Books of Moses (Torah.) The four writing emphases were: J (Jahweh,) E (Elohist,) P (Priestly,) D (Deuteronomist.) There was thought to be a fifth person (R,) who compiled the four different writings.
The "true beliefs" of Christianity that are essential for a claim of being part of Christianity. Denial of these would rank heresy.
The belief that the Holy Spirit gives the authors of Scripture the concepts or thoughts and the authors then tailor their writing to the context of who they are writing to. The focus is on the writers.
The Essentials of the Bible are the Gospel, Jesus and Salvation. The Non-Essentialists are everything else about it, like grammar, spelling, genre, etc.
The fourth source of revelation in the Wesleyan Quadrilateral. Human experience and especially religious experience of God's people in the community of faith. The least important source of belief.
Religious practice with militantly enforced doctrinal uniformity. Holds the Bible as the only source of belief. Believes that the Bible is almost to the level of God Himself.
The idea that God is revealed outside of personal revelation, and to all people. That God is revealed in nature. Universal revealing of God's being.
Considered metter evil and denied the real incarnation. Their teachings about Christ and Salvation were contradictory to the teachings of the early church fathers and the apostles. They believed in gnosis, which meant God told them personally what to believe and that they had Divine Wisdom.
The Good News about Jesus Christ and the promise of salvation through his death and resurrection.
The consensual tradition and the interpreted consensus of Christianity. This varies from one group of Christians to the next (e.g. Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, etc.)
The counterpart to orthodoxy. A belief that contradicts orthodoxy significantly.
God's aspect of being personally present and relational, involved in creation and history. The goodness of God.
God is incapable of suffering or being affected by anything.
Without error. Implies that Scripture was perfectly written without any error, including grammar, spelling, concept, truth, etc...
Does not fail. Implies tha tScripture is incapable of failure. In other words, Scripture is and always will be right.
Creator of the Wesleyan Quadrilateral. Held Scripture in high esteem as the rule for all belief. He ignored grammar and spelling, however. Founder of the Methodist movement, 18th century. Believed in a very personal nature of God.
Among other heresies, he believed Judaism was not a precursor to Christianity and was evil. He tried to eliminate all Jewish books from the canon and all Jewish roots to the Christian tradition.
Reformation. Believed sola scriptura and sola gratia et fidles. These meant "Scripture alone" and "justification by grace through faith alone." Insisted that there was no knowledge of God apart form Jesus Christ. He emphasized God's goodness over His greatness, but did not ignore His greatness.
Also called Sabellianism after its creator; it is the idea that Father, Son and Holy Spirit are not three distinct persons, but rather three different modes of revelation or manifestations of the single person who is God.
Insisted that the ultimate source and norm for Christian belief was his own prophecies as they were directly dictated to him by the Holy Spirit. Lived mid second-century.
God's ability to do anything consistent with his nature.
God's freedom from spatial limitations and positive presence throughout His creation.
God's knowledge of everything actual as actual and possible as possible.
An early church father during the second and third centuries. Emphasized the divine inspiration of both Hebrew and Christian scripture. Declared the equality of the Trinity.
Simply means "right belief" or "doctrinal correctness." The core of essential beliefs, denial of which could result in serious distortion of the Christian message of the gospel and the Christian message such that "Christianity" becomes unrecognizable.
The strict identification of creation with the divine being.
A movement within Protestantism that wishes to recover a "heart Christianity" out of the dry bones of "head religion" or mere "historical faith"
Believe "experience" is not so much a vehicle of doctrinal information as it is a confirming factor in providing guidance and discernment. Wish to view God's word preached as a continuing work of God the Holy Spirit in testifying to Jesus Christ and guiding God's people into all truth.
Plenary Voice Inspiration
The idea that scripture was told to the disciples word for word by the Holy Spirit
The Q Source is the theoretical gospel common to Luke and Matthew. The followers would consider themselves Christian, but they were only concerned with Christ's teachings, not Himself.
The third part of the Wesleyan Quadrilateral. Logic. The rule of non-contradiction that forbids equal affirmation of opposite propositions. Reason does not necessarily or usually include any highly developed, complex philosophy.
Revelation (natural and specific)
Any way in which God communicates Himself or something about Himself to others. Natural revelation would be God being revealed in the natural world and specific revelation would be God revealing Himself on a personal level.
Rule of Faith
The basic content of Christian belief that church fathers preserved, interpreted and applied.
The written form of divine revelation--the writings of the Hebrew prophets and early church apostles.
The principle that Scripture alone is the only source and norm for Christian faith and practice.
What Paul calls Jesus' resurrected body, a "spiritual body."
A belief that is essential and the denial of which constitutes heresy if not apostasy (departure from Christianity altogether.)
Identifies God with the Father and subordinate the Son and the Holy Spirit to God. They are lesser beings who are nevertheless somehow also divine. Arianism believes this.
Argued (using reason) against Christians' following reason to determine their beliefs. Second-third century. Argued for the authority of Hebrew Scripture and the entire collection of apostolic writings.
A religious belief system about God or ultimate reality. The ordered, systematic study or interpretation of the Christian faith and experience of God based on God's divine self revelation.
God-breathed or inspired by God. Referring to the divine inspiration of Scripture.
Thirteenth century priest. Heavily used philosophy in his theology. Developed "natural theology"--knowledge of God through evidences and reason alone--based on existence, order in the world, and human conscience.
A Diest. Did not consider the bible supernaturally inspired or wholly authoritative. Valued moral teachings of the Bible, but denied supernatural stories (miracles) and apocalyptic literature. Cut out all those aspects of the Bible and created what is called "Jefferson's Bible"
The consensus of Christians during the first approximately nine centuries of Christianity. The Great Tradition.
God is glorious beyond our understanding and His quality of being is superior in every way to ours.
The belief that God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are three distinct holy identities. "Three gods."
What has been believed by everyone (Christians) everywhere at all times.
The four main specific sources and norms properly used by Christian theologians: Scripture, Tradition, Reason, and Experience
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