Macromolecule Vocabulary

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Macromolecule
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Terms in this set (14)
Macromolecule
A very large molecule made of many smaller molecules
Image: Macromolecule
Monomer
A single molecule that can join together to form polymers
Image: Monomer
Polymer
A long molecule made of many similar monomers
Image: Polymer
Carbohydrate
Made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen -- used for quick energy or cell structure
Image: Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
A single sugar molecule
Image: Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Two monosaccharides joined together by dehydration synthesis
Image: Disaccharide
Lipid
Fats and oils used for long term energy storage, membranes and hormones
Image: Lipid
Fatty Acid
A lipid monomer that can be saturated (unhealthy) or unsaturated (healthy)
Image: Fatty Acid
Nucleic Acid
DNA and RNA
Image: Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
The monomer that makes up nucleic acids
Image: Nucleotide
Amino Acid
The monomer that forms peptide bonds to form proteins
Image: Amino Acid
Protein
A polymer of amino acids sometimes called a polypeptide
Image: Protein
Condensation
Reaction that forms polymers by removing a water molecule
Image: Condensation
Hydrolysis
Reaction that breaks down polymers by chemically inserting water
Image: Hydrolysis

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