APUSH Period 1 Test
Terms in this set (37)
Earliest migrants to North America were to adapt to which initial environmental challenge?
Ice and glaciers
The maize culture of the Southwest was most similar to the pre-Columbian culture of what people?
Before the arrival of Europeans, Great Basin and Western Plains Indians...
responded to a lack of resources by developing mobile lifestyles
In Northeastern North America before European contact, the Iroquois developed the tradition of...
Pre-Columbian Southwest Indians were most noted for which environmental trasformation practice?
FIfteenth and sixteenth Spanish exploration and conquest created a racially mixed culture known as..
Which deadly epidemic most devastated Mexican natives and was the subject of numerous 15th and 16th century primary accounts of disease?
Which 15th century European country dominated the African slave trade?
What livestock introduced by the Spanish had the greatest impact on the Great plains Indian settlement patterns?
Which Old World crop introduced by the Spanish most dramatically increased demand for African slaves in the Caribbean?
The encomienda system primarily relied on labor from who?
Encomienda labor focused most on...
As Spanish labor demands grew, the labor sourse for imperial production transitioned to...
Which European country had the least significant presence in the Western Hemisphere during the 15th and 16th centuries?
Since the 15th and 16th centuries, what has been the most enduring legacy from Spanish conquest and exploration of the Americas?
Converts to Christianity
What was the most important 15th and 16th century goal of Spanish conquest and exploration as revealed by the conquistadors?
Increased wealth of Spain
What is a non-native crop from the Americas that stimulated trade and/or population in Europe?
Spanish mineral wealth from the Americas caused a shift toward...
Sextant technology revolutionized...
international trade and exploration
Over the centuries, the most effective means of "civilizing" natives to Spanish culture was...
the mission system
Juan de Onate's 1598 subjugation of natives who resisted Spanish rule is best illustrated by his attack against natives in what city?
In1573, the Comprehensive Orders of New Discoveries placed pacification of natives primarily in the hands of what kind of people?
Sixteenth through nineteenth century North Amerca Indians most resisted European beliefs about what?
Sixteenth century Sfrican slaves in the Western Hemisphere best preserved autonomy and linguistic tradtions trhough...
Maroon communities in the Carribean
Identify THREE different factors that led to the growth of African slavery from 1619- 1750.
1. Increased need for labor
2. The death of the Native Americans
3. Free labor
Explain how free labor changed colonial society.
Free labor changed colonial society because it allowed for more farming to happen for less money. It helped the growth of capitalism in the colonies.
Explain One way African slaves resisted the dehumanizing aspects of slavery.
They created maroon communities in the crown reflecting their home culture and religion.
Americn Indian culture had a diffrent view of landownership than did Europeans in that they thought...
they owned the use of the land but not the land itself
American Indian cultures established what?
trade networks and communication over relatively large areas.
What were Americcan Indian cultures prior to contact with Europeans with eachother like?
They were engaged in frequent conflicts with other American Indian Groups
The primary positive benefit of the columbian Exchange was...
the exchange of food products between Europe and the Western Hemisphere
The primary negative consequence of the Columbian exchange was the exchange of...
epidemic diseases introduced from Europe into the Americas
Prior to European contact, North American Indians were...
distinct societies with different economies and lifestyles
As the Spanish explored North America prior to 1600, they discovered...
little of interest to keep them pushing north to Canada
Identify one key way in which the French and American Indians interacted economically in the Western Heisphere prior to 1650.
Many French traders came to the New world in search of animal fur, specially beaver.
Identify one key way in which the Spanish and American Indians interacted economically in the Western Heisphere prior to 1650.
The Columbian Exchange introduced new crops to Europe such as maize, tomatoes, and potatoes. Native economies were altered by the introduction of cattle and horses.
Provide one piece of evidence to suggest how the interaction shaped relationships between French and American Indians or the Spanish and American Indians.
Since the Frech settlers did not arrive with families and the intent of forming permanent settlements, Frech trappers and traders often married Indian women and raised children with them.
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