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Science 6: Temperature, Thermal Energy, and Heat
Vocabulary words for lessons 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, thermal energy, and kinetic theory of matter.
a measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles in an object
a device for measuring temperature
evenly spaced units used to measure temperature
a flow of energy from an object at a higher temperature to an object at a lower temperature
the amount of energy needed to increase the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree C
the standard scientific unit used to measure energy
1 calorie = 4.18 joules
the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1oC
The process that moves energy (heat) from one object to another when they are touching
material that transfers energy (heat) easily
material that does NOT transfer energy (heat) easily
The transfer of energy (heat) by the movement of particles in liquids and gases
Energy (heat) travels through empty space on electromagnetic waves (light, microwaves, and infrared light)
kinetic theory of matter
a theory stating that all matter is made of particles in motion
the total amount of kinetic energy of particles in an object