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Arts and Humanities
WH Unit 2 Test
Terms in this set (50)
The difference between barter system & a money economy.
Barter is trading
Money is coins and currency
Define monotheistic. Give any example of one group we have studies they were monotheistic.
People that believe in one god.Hebrews
Define polytheistic. Which groups have we studied fall into that category?
People that believe in multiple gods. Persians, Egyptians Syrians (everyone except Hebrews)
Similarity between the Code of Hammurabi & the Ten Commandments
One of the first written laws. Oldest written law codes. Both appointed by gods.
What does Mesopotamia mean?
Land between the rivers
Where did the Phoenicians settle?
Along the Mediterranean coast SW Asia & Fertile Crescent
An area divided into 12 sections that each have different ruler, resources or beliefs.
Who are Abraham and Moses
Moses- lead the Israelites out of slavery
Abraham- he spread Jewish religion and was the founder of Canaan
What is cuneiform? Which civilization developed this?
Writing that the Sumerians developed.
What are hieroglyphics? Which civilization developed this?
Writing based on symbols. Founded by Egyptians.
What is the purpose of a ziggurat? A pyramid? Which civilization used each of these?
A pyramid is a tomb for a pharos and a ziggurat is a rectangular stepped tower used as a place for worship
Which Egyptian ruler increased trade and caused the economy to grow?
Where is Kush located? (Nubia)
Kush is a large area surrounding the Nile
Where did the Hebrews settle?
North to south between the coastal areas and the Jordan River valley.
Who was the Israelite king that established a capital in Jerusalem?
Which Old Kingdom pharaoh constructed the Great Pyramid at Giza?
Theocracy is a form of government in which a deity is officially recognized as the civil Ruler and official policy is governed by officials regarded as divinely guided, or is pursuant to the doctrine of a particular religion or religious group
Why is the Fertile Crescent considered a "Cradle of Civilization"?
The fertile crescent allowed civilizations to change from hunter gatherers to agriculture based community the fertile soil gave civilizations food surplus.
What are the achievements of the Sumerian civilization?
Sundial to keep time
The arch in building
Number system based on 60
Ziggurat - large temple at the center of the city-state
What are the achievements of the Phoenicians
see through glass
best shipbuilders and sailors
The two monotheistic religions influenced by Judaism?
Judeo-Christian and Christian
What are the accomplishments of the Hittites?
2 soldier chariots
What is the Rosetta Stone
Provided us the link between Egyptian hieroglyphics and the Greek. so, we could finally figure out what they meant.
What is a dynasty?
A sequence of rulers
What is Zoroastrianism?
believed in one god who was the creator of all things persians
What is a covenant?
An oath. An agreement between two parties in which there are mutual obligations or expectations.
What is the holy book of Judaism?
Why is Mesopotamia referred to as the Fertile Crescent?
The area was known for its rich farmlands
A wedge-shaped system of writing developed in Mesopotamia.
Implemented a system of laws
The religious beliefs of the Mesopotamians were considered______.
What was the significance of the ziggurat?
Temples built for the gods.
What was a city-state?
Basis of Mesopotamian government.A small area surrounding a larger, more developed city.Indicator to why Mesopotamia never developed a solid form of government.
What were the Hanging Gardens of Babylon?
One of the original Seven Wonders of the World.Built by King Nebuchadnezzar II. Consisted of elaborate architecture and engineering.
Who was Sargon the Great?
Established the empire of Akkad and conquered all of Southern Mesopotamia.
Who was Tiglath-Pileser I?
King and fierce conqueror of the Assyrian Empire.
The region of Mesopotamia is located in the present-day country of ?
In Sumeria, what did the term lugal mean?
The economy of Mesopotamia was based largely on?
all grass used to make baskets, sandals, boats, and writing paper was called
The period of peace and prosperity in which pyramids were built was called
Which pharoah had the largest of the three pyramids built for him during his lifetime?
What body of water played a major role in the development of the Ancient Egyptian civilization?
Where was Ancient Egypt located?
North east africa
Around how many years did the civilization of Ancient Egypt last?
What are the three major kingdoms that make up the history of Ancient Egypt?
The Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms
What major part of the Ancient Egyptian culture played a significant role in the government?
What other civilization or civilizations conquered Ancient Egypt?
rome Greece Persia assyria
What was a Pharaoh?
The leader of Egypt
What invention of the Egyptians was important in enabling them to run a complex government?
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