Global transfer of goods, plants, and foodstuffs started by Columbus between the Old World (Europe, Asia, Africa) and the New World. The New World brought corn and the potato to the Old World. The Old World brought horses, cows, other crops, and diseases to the New World. This began an increase in trade, industry, capitalism, population/food production, and European culture, but also slavery (also indentured servitude), disease, and economic distortion. A Model of Christian Charity Questions
1. Describe the meaning and importance of the covenant described by Winthrop. John Winthrop describes the covenant as, "We are entered into covenant with him for this work, we have taken out a commision, the Lord hath given us leave to draw our own articles we have professed to enterprise these actions upon these and these end, we have hereupon besought HIm of favor and blessing." What this means is that we are entered into a covenant between ourselves that we will follow the rules that Winthrop lists by the Grace of God.
2. What specific behaviors did Winthrop expect of the colonists who were part of the covenant? Winthrop expected three things: that people would hold conformity to their work and show others what they accomplished, that people might have the more occasion to manifest the work of His spirit, and that every man might have need of other, and from hence they might all be knt more nearly together in the bond of brotherly affection.
3. What would be the consequences of failure to keep the covenant with God? "The Lord will surely break out in wrath against us, be revenged of such a perjured people, and make us known the price of the breach of such a covenant.
4. How did Winthrop hope to hold together his community? Now the only way to avoid this is to follow the counsel of Micah, to do justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with our God.
5. What does the "City on the Hill" reveal about American views on their establishment of
society in the New World? They believed that the whole world was watching when the English were trying to colonize the New World which and that they could succeed or fail.