AP US History: Unit 1

Terms in this set (32)

1. What did a strong nation hope to achieve to be economically successful? They hoped to achieve prosperity through its colonization of the Americas.
2. According to mercantilism, why did colonies exist? The colonies provided raw materials to the mother country, Britain.
3. How did America specifically help Britain? It provided raw materials to Britain and also helped in its competitive colonization with other European powers.
4. What was the significance of the Navigation Acts? "As the colonies grew more prosperous, however, England began to enforce her mercantile ideas. A series of laws were passed in the 1660s known as the Navigation Acts. They were designed to make the American colonies dependent on the manufactured products of England."
5. Which colonists were favored by Mercantilism and why? The Southern colonies were favored by the British because they never "developed industries that competed with Great Britain. Instead, they produced such staples as rice, tobacco, cotton, naval stores, and indigo for British consumption."
6. How was mercantilism a burden to the colonists? The colonies often had to pay an excess in taxes to the mother country and in its own existence were never truly prosperous but existed for the prosperity of Great Britain.
7. What were the long term consequences of mercantilism? A careful analysis of all these factors could provide some tentative answers and also help in judging the role these economic issues played in causing the American Revolution. These factors would include all economic factors such as mercantilism and the Navigation Acts.
A Model of Christian Charity Questions

1. Describe the meaning and importance of the covenant described by Winthrop. John Winthrop describes the covenant as, "We are entered into covenant with him for this work, we have taken out a commision, the Lord hath given us leave to draw our own articles we have professed to enterprise these actions upon these and these end, we have hereupon besought HIm of favor and blessing." What this means is that we are entered into a covenant between ourselves that we will follow the rules that Winthrop lists by the Grace of God.
2. What specific behaviors did Winthrop expect of the colonists who were part of the covenant? Winthrop expected three things: that people would hold conformity to their work and show others what they accomplished, that people might have the more occasion to manifest the work of His spirit, and that every man might have need of other, and from hence they might all be knt more nearly together in the bond of brotherly affection.
3. What would be the consequences of failure to keep the covenant with God? "The Lord will surely break out in wrath against us, be revenged of such a perjured people, and make us known the price of the breach of such a covenant.
4. How did Winthrop hope to hold together his community? Now the only way to avoid this is to follow the counsel of Micah, to do justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with our God.
5. What does the "City on the Hill" reveal about American views on their establishment of
society in the New World? They believed that the whole world was watching when the English were trying to colonize the New World which and that they could succeed or fail.