By 1100 BCE, Cannanite territory had shrunken to a small strip of modern day Lebanon, between the sea and the mountains. The inhabitants of this densely populated territory turned to seaborne commerce. A thriving trade in raw materials including cedar and pine, metals, incense, papyrus, foodstuffs such as wine spices, salted fishes, and crafted luxury goods such as carved ivory, glass, and textiles gave the Phoenicians considerable wealth and an important role in international politics. Carthage, a power house Phoenician city, focused on protecting the sea lanes, gaining access to raw materials, and fostering trade. Foreign merchants were free to sail to Carthage and market their goods, however it had to be on their terms or the Carthaginians would sink their ships. The Phoenicians were able to control their trade routes and gained considerable wealth from the trade and commerce. The control over their trade routes and the large amount of raw materials they possessed gave them power in the Mediterranean world.