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Telescoping The Times

Terms in this set (32)

In 1787, there was a revolt by farmers against taxes in Massachusetts. In May of 1787, delegates met in Philadelphia to fix problems of the national government. They came to a conclusion of abandoning the Articles of Confederation and created a new form of government. The two major problems were: the distribution of power between state and national governments, and how to prevent the wealthy from dominating the small farmers. The delegates came up with the Virginia Plan, which called for two houses of Congress in which the number of representatives depended on the population of the state. Then, there was the New Jersey Plan, which gave each state an equal vote in a single house of Congress. Later, the Great Compromise was proposed, which made two house of Congress. The representation of the lower house would depend on size and delegates were elected by popular vote. In the upper house, each state would have the same number of members. Then, the delegates debated how the slaves were going to be included in the population count. The Northern states where slaves were not as concentrated believed that slaves should not count towards the state population. But the Southern states favoured the idea of including the slaves as part of the population. The delegates agreed to count three-fifths of the slaves. Delegates divided the national government into three branches: legislative (power to make laws), executive (power to carry out the laws), and the judicial (power to conduct trials).