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49 terms

HAM terminology

linear perspective
oSt. James' Execution - vanishing point at the very bottom of the painting. If this was an altar piece the horizon lines would be level with your eyes
oNostalgia of the Infinites - two horizon lines - one on light house, one on buildings
line as outline
Something that resembles something 3D but could never be modeled because we're not given enough detail
oMay Execution - Goya -
line as movement
somewhere that directs your eye but stops it so that you keep looking at the painting.
Can be more difference shapes
Death of General Wolf - your eyes are drawn to the dying general because of the lines between the two men looking at him
line as contour
trying to realistically depict a shape without shading or anything of than the outline
line as texture
fluting on collumns
line as rhythm
shorter lines that end to create rhythm
line as texture
line that creates texture in one, fluid line
line as calligraphy
giving words a sense of art. Painting can feel calligraphic, such as strokes of a pen that go from thick to thin
point as structure
a large shape that plays a major role in the painting
point as texture
defines what the picture looks like, only its a dot not a line
point of emphasis
the point of structure has to do with the symbolism and plot line.
ROYGBIV - the only safe colors, everything else can be argued. The variations on colors depends on the pigment.
the lightness or darkness of a color - light = high value, dark = low value. Depends on reflectivity
lots of pigment vs. less pigment
Axiom - any time you mix colors you lower the intensity
the addition of white to a pigment
the addition of black to a color
the addition of both white and black (gray) to a pigment
a medium- type of chalk
complementary colors
opposite on the color wheel - adds contrast and provides the most change
In order to lower the intensity you add some of the complementary color
warm colors
red, orange, yellow - come toward you in the picture
cool colors
blue, green, purple - go away from you in the picture
without color - black, white, gray
spectral palette
all of the colors of the spectrum plus white, without black, gray, or earth tones
aerial/atmospheric perspective
When something is farther away, it becomes cooler, higher in value, and less intense.
isometric perspective
parallelograms. 1. Preserve parallelism - stay parallel with no vanishing points. 2. Proportion is preserved. (optical illusion)
cube illusion
draw four lines on each corner to a single vanishing point to create a room
corner illusion
three lines to create the illusion of a 3D space
tiered perspective
everything will be the same size even though the bottom layer is supposed to be closer to you
to give depth
mapping impulse
each thing is to convey what you need to know to identify the painting. Also, people who are more important are bigger
texture as medium
the medium appearing as it is itself - you can see brush strokes
Sculpture - can see chisel marks
Cloth fence on a hill
Something that is actually what is depicting - an actual shark is texture as representation
oRock - like an actual rock
texture as representation
the medium trying to look like something else
In sculpture - smoother and more realistic
oAs long as you can't see the brushstrokes
light as medium
when there is an actual light source
light as representation
when you have a painting of a light
high density composition
with a LOT of action and stuff going on
low densiy composition
not as much going on
negative area
the design of the background of a flatwork - can have representational shape but only in painting or 2D objects
negative space
like negative area in 3D objects
serial proportions
lots of different basic shapes but not identical. A series of related shapes
modular proportion
exact copies of shapes. Identical shapes
something your eye takes in - rounded
something that rejects your eye - rougher and jagged
subtractive sculpture
where you begin with a large block and detract from it to reveal the form
additive sculpture
start with something soft, them add clay or another pliable material, then cast it in bronze or hard metal. You can still see thumbprints in it because at one point it was soft
constructive scupture
pieced together by separate parts
low or bas relief
sticks out only a little
high relief
there is negative space behind the sculpture between the wall
negative/ hollow/ intaglio relief
concave not convex
environmental art
when the art surrounds you in 360 degrees - a building, something you can walk through