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8 terms

Chapter 10 Section 1

STUDY
PLAY
Genes
the DNA on chromosomes is arranged in segments called genes that control the production of proteins
Homologous Chromosomes
the chromosomes that make up one pair, on chromosome from each parent
Gametes
sex cells that have half the humber of chromosomes
Haploid
a cell with n number of chromosomes
Fertilization
the process by which one haploid gamete combines with another haploid gamete is called fertilization
Diploid
a cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes
Meiosis
the type of cell division that ruduces the number of chromosomes
Crossing over
the process during which chromosomal segments are exchanges between a pair of homologous chromosomes