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25 terms

Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids and Nucleic Acids

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monomer of carbohydrates:
monosaccharide
elements of carbohydrates
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
glucose
carbohydrate
chemical reaction that bonds two monomers together through the removal of water
dehydration synthesis
lactose
disaccharide
The starch that comes from plants is a...
polysaccharide
The glucose that comes from animals is a...
polysaccharide
use of carbohydrates
energy, structure
elements of a protein:
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur
monomer of a protein:
amino acid
Amino acids differ from their "__" group.
R
How many amino acids are there?
20
What synthesis is used to bond amino acids together?
dehydration synthesis
The uses of a protein are...
enzymes, hormones, structure, transport, fights diseases
the elements of a lipid:
carbon and hydrogen
the monomer of a lipid:
fatty acid and glycerol
all single bonds between carbons (solids)
saturated
double bonds between carbons (oils)
unsaturated
What is the main component of a cell membrane?
phospholipid
The functions of a lipid are...
long term energy storage, part of membrane, chemical messengers
the elements of a nucleic acid:
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphate
the monomer of a nucleic acid:
nucleotide
Name the 3 parts of a nucleic acid:
phosphate group, 5-Carbon sugar, nitrogen base
DNA has how many chains of nucleotides bonded and twisted to one another?
2
RNA has how many chain(s) of nucleotides bonded and twisted to one another?
1