Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids and Nucleic Acids
monomer of carbohydrates:
elements of carbohydrates
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
chemical reaction that bonds two monomers together through the removal of water
The starch that comes from plants is a...
The glucose that comes from animals is a...
use of carbohydrates
elements of a protein:
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur
monomer of a protein:
Amino acids differ from their "__" group.
How many amino acids are there?
What synthesis is used to bond amino acids together?
The uses of a protein are...
enzymes, hormones, structure, transport, fights diseases
the elements of a lipid:
carbon and hydrogen
the monomer of a lipid:
fatty acid and glycerol
all single bonds between carbons (solids)
double bonds between carbons (oils)
What is the main component of a cell membrane?
The functions of a lipid are...
long term energy storage, part of membrane, chemical messengers
the elements of a nucleic acid:
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphate
the monomer of a nucleic acid:
Name the 3 parts of a nucleic acid:
phosphate group, 5-Carbon sugar, nitrogen base
DNA has how many chains of nucleotides bonded and twisted to one another?
RNA has how many chain(s) of nucleotides bonded and twisted to one another?