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monomer of carbohydrates:


elements of carbohydrates

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen



chemical reaction that bonds two monomers together through the removal of water

dehydration synthesis



The starch that comes from plants is a...


The glucose that comes from animals is a...


use of carbohydrates

energy, structure

elements of a protein:

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur

monomer of a protein:

amino acid

Amino acids differ from their "__" group.


How many amino acids are there?


What synthesis is used to bond amino acids together?

dehydration synthesis

The uses of a protein are...

enzymes, hormones, structure, transport, fights diseases

the elements of a lipid:

carbon and hydrogen

the monomer of a lipid:

fatty acid and glycerol

all single bonds between carbons (solids)


double bonds between carbons (oils)


What is the main component of a cell membrane?


The functions of a lipid are...

long term energy storage, part of membrane, chemical messengers

the elements of a nucleic acid:

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphate

the monomer of a nucleic acid:


Name the 3 parts of a nucleic acid:

phosphate group, 5-Carbon sugar, nitrogen base

DNA has how many chains of nucleotides bonded and twisted to one another?


RNA has how many chain(s) of nucleotides bonded and twisted to one another?


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