18 terms

Human Development - Chapter 9 Moving into the Adult Social World

Human Development. A Life-Span View. Fifth Edition. Kail, Cavanaugh. Chapter 9 vocabulary. Moving into the Adult Social World
STUDY
PLAY
adolescent egocentrism
self-absorption that is characteristic of teenagers as they search for identity
imaginary audience
adolescents' feeling that their behavior is constantly being watched by their peers
personal fable
attitude of many adolescents that their feelings and experiences are unique and have never been experienced by anyone else before
illusion of invulnerability
adolescents' belief that misfortunes cannot happen to them
ethnic identity
feeling of belonging to a specific ethnic group
date (acquaintance) rape
when someone is forced to have sexual intercourse with someone she or he knows
crystallization
first phase in Super's theory of career development, in which adoescents use their emerging identities to form ideas about careers
specification
second phase in Super's theory of career deveolpment, in which adolescents learn more about specific lines of work and begin training
implementation
third phase in Super's thery of career development, in which individuals actually enter the workforce
personality-type theory
view proposed by Holland that people find their work fulfilling when the important features of a job or profession fit the worker's personality
depression
disorder characterized by pervasive feelings of sadness, irritability, and low self-esteem
attributions
a person's explanations of his or her behavior, particularly successes and failures
norepinephrine and serotonin
neurotransmitters that help to regulate brain centers associated with experiencing pleasure
juvenile delinquency
when adolescents commit illegal acts tht are destructive to themselves or others
status offense
an ct that is not a crime if committed by an adult, such as truancy or running away from home
index offense
acts that are illegal regardless of the perpetrator's age
adolescent-limited antisocial behavior
the behavior of youth who engage in relatively minor criminal acts but aren't consistently antisocial
life-course persistent antisocial behavior
antisocial behavior that emerges at an early age and continues throughout life