5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Standard Macrodrop size is what?
- hypertonic solutions can also cause impaired what?
- Hypertonic Solutions can cause _____ ______ due to great expansion of IV compartments
- Isotonic Fluids can cause what? As well as decrease the concentration of what two things?
- Colloids are what?
They appear ______
They raise colloid osmotic pressure so they're often called ______
- a Cause circulatory/fluid overload
can dilute hemoglobin and hematocrit
- b heart and kidney function, which cant handle the extra fluid
- c molecules that don't dissolve and remain uniformly distributed.
The appear cloudy
often called volume expanders
Ex:proteins, albumin, dextran
- d 10-15 drops per mL
- e circulatory overload
5 Multiple choice questions
- Only an MD
- stop IV immediately
restart IV in another vein
apply warm moist compress to affected site
- circulatory overload
5 True/False questions
Why would a patient need a CVL (central venous line)? → long term therapy
inability to access periph veins
administration of TPN or irritating agents
to monitor internal pressure
how do you prevent a catheter fragment embolism? → -prime tubing
-hang one bottle BEFORE the first one is completely done
-check/document intactness of catheter upon disconnection
What's infiltration? Symptoms? → needles become dislodged from vein, solution goes into subcutaneous tissue.
S/S-edema at injection site, blanches skin, no blood return, pain and IV pump flow may stop.
Why do you turn the patient on their left side during an air embolism? → you keep the air in the apex of the right ventricle and permit the blood to dissipate into the pulmonary system
symptoms of thrombophlebitis? → resp distress, SQ emphysema