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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Standard Macrodrop size is what?
  2. hypertonic solutions can also cause impaired what?
  3. Hypertonic Solutions can cause _____ ______ due to great expansion of IV compartments
  4. Isotonic Fluids can cause what? As well as decrease the concentration of what two things?
  5. Colloids are what?
    They appear ______
    They raise colloid osmotic pressure so they're often called ______
    Examples:
  1. a Cause circulatory/fluid overload
    can dilute hemoglobin and hematocrit
  2. b heart and kidney function, which cant handle the extra fluid
  3. c molecules that don't dissolve and remain uniformly distributed.
    The appear cloudy
    often called volume expanders
    Ex:proteins, albumin, dextran
  4. d 10-15 drops per mL
  5. e circulatory overload

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Only an MD
  2. stop IV immediately
    restart IV in another vein
    elevate extremity
    apply warm moist compress to affected site
  3. circulatory overload
  4. daily
  5. embolism

5 True/False questions

  1. Why would a patient need a CVL (central venous line)?long term therapy
    inability to access periph veins
    administration of TPN or irritating agents
    to monitor internal pressure

          

  2. how do you prevent a catheter fragment embolism?-prime tubing
    -hang one bottle BEFORE the first one is completely done
    -check/document intactness of catheter upon disconnection

          

  3. What's infiltration? Symptoms?needles become dislodged from vein, solution goes into subcutaneous tissue.
    S/S-edema at injection site, blanches skin, no blood return, pain and IV pump flow may stop.

          

  4. Why do you turn the patient on their left side during an air embolism?you keep the air in the apex of the right ventricle and permit the blood to dissipate into the pulmonary system

          

  5. symptoms of thrombophlebitis?resp distress, SQ emphysema