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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. avoid use of hypertonic solutions r/t movement of fluid from the intracellular because of ...
  2. Why would a patient need a CVL (central venous line)?
  3. Standard Macrodrop size is what?
  4. how do you prevent a catheter fragment embolism?
  5. Advantages to intravenous Access?
  1. a -prime tubing
    -hang one bottle BEFORE the first one is completely done
    -check/document intactness of catheter upon disconnection
  2. b -emergency access
    -unconsciouness
    -npo (nothing by mouth) status
  3. c possible dehydration
  4. d 10-15 drops per mL
  5. e long term therapy
    inability to access periph veins
    administration of TPN or irritating agents
    to monitor internal pressure

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. turn patient on to LEFT side with head DOWN
    notify the MD
  2. venous distention, higher BP, coughing, shortness of breath, increased respirations,
  3. crystals
    dissolves homogeneously
    membranes
    electrolyte
  4. Hickman
    Groshong
    Broviac
  5. catheter inserted through the skin into a large vein, usually the superior vena cava or inferior vena cava or within the R atrium of the heart

5 True/False questions

  1. CVL=Lumen color, sizes and use;
    Proximal-
    Middle-
    Distal-
    They replace electrolytes and shift fluid from interstitial places/cells into the plasma.
    serum osmolality of 375 or higher

          

  2. IV pumps must be used on what type of patients?Children with an IV
    Any IV admixture
    Pts with cardiac/renal problems
    critically ill pts

          

  3. If a patient recieves too much fluid, too quickly it is called what?circulatory overload

          

  4. Colloids are what?
    They appear ______
    They raise colloid osmotic pressure so they're often called ______
    Examples:
    molecules that don't dissolve and remain uniformly distributed.
    The appear cloudy
    often called volume expanders
    Ex:proteins, albumin, dextran

          

  5. Hypotonics cause a ______ in the circulatory volume.
    So never give to what kind of patients?
    depletion
    Pts with LOW blood pressure