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M Canfield Willis - Medical Terminology CH. 6 Diagnostic Set 9

Marjorie Canfield Willis- Medical terminology Chapter 6 - Musculoskeletal System DIAGNOSTIC
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ankylosis
stiff joint condition
arthritis
inflammation of the joints, characterized by pain, swelling, redness, warmth, and limitation of motion. There are over 100 different types.
osteoarthritis
most common form of arthritis that especially affects weight-bearing joints (hip, knee); characterized by the erosion of articular cartilage
rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
most crippling form of arthritis characterized by a chronic, systemic inflammation most often affecting joints and synovial membranes (especially hands and feet) causing ankylosis (stiff joints) and deformity
gouty arthritis
acute attacks of arthritis usually in a single joint (especially great toe) caused by hyperuricemia (excessive level of uric acid in the blood)
bony necrosis, sequestrum
dead bone tissue from loss of blood supply can occur after a fracture
bunion
swelling of the joint at the base of the great toe caused by inflammation of the bursa
bursitis
inflammation of a bursa
carpal tunnel syndrome
condition that results from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel at the wrist, characterized by pain, numbness, and tingling in the wrist and fingers and weak grip; commonly seen as a result of cumulative trauma of surrounding tendons
chondromalacia
softening of cartilage
epiphysitis
inflammation of the epiphyseal regions of the long bone
fracture (Fx)
a broken or cracked bone
closed fracture
a broken bone with no open wound
open fracture
compound fracture; a broken bone with an open wound
simple fracture
a nondisplaced fracture involving one fracture line that does not require extensive treatment to repair (ex. hairline, stress, or crack)
complex fracture
a displaced fracture that requires manipulation or surgery to repair
fracture line
line made by broken bone (ex. oblique, spiral, or transverse)
comminuted fracture
broken in many little pieces
greenstick fracture
bending and incomplete break of a bone - most often seen in children
herniated disk or disc
protrusion of a degenerated or fragmented intervertebral disk so that the nucleus pulposus protrudes, causing compression on the nerve root
myeloma
bone marrow tumor
myositis
inflammation of muscle
myoma
muscle tumor
leiomyoma
smooth muscle tumor
leiomyosarcoma
malignant smooth muscle tumor
rhabdomyoma
skeletal muscle tumor
rhabdomyosarcoma
malignant skeletal muscle tumor
muscular dystrophy
a category of genetically transmitted diseases characterized by progressive atrophy muscles (most common is Duchenne's)
osteoma
bone tumor
osteosarcoma
type of malignant bone tumor
osteomalacia
disease marked by softening of the bone caused by calcium and vitamin D deficiency
rickets
osteomalacia in children (causes bone deformity)
osteomyelitis
infection of bone and bone marrow causing inflammation
osteoporosis
condition of decreased bone density and increased porosity, causing bones to become brittle and liable to fracture
kyphosis
abnormal posterior curvature of the thoracic spine (humpback condition)
lordosis
abnormal anterior curvature of the lumbar spine (sway-back condition)
scoliosis
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine (S-shaped curve)
spondylolisthesis
forward slipping of the lumbar vertebra
spondylosis
stiff, immobile condition of vertebrae due to joint degeneration
sprain
injury to a ligament caused by joint trauma but without joint dislocation or fracture
subluxation
a partial dislocation
tendinitis, tendonitis
inflammation of the tendon