32 terms

Geographical Formations

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Basin
Depressed area of land that has been drained by a river
Bay
wide mouth body of water close to shore
Canyon
deep narrow valley with high cliff walls
Channel
A strait or narrow sea between two close landmasses
Coastline
stretch of land along the ocean or a sea
Delta
flat, triangular- shape land formed when a river carries and deposits sediment at its mouth
Desert
arid land with sparse vegetation
Glacier
large body of ice moving down a slope or valley or spreading outward on a land surface
Gulf
a large body of water that is partially surrounded by land
Hill
sloping mound of earth
Highland
elevated or mountainous land
Island
land entirely surrounded by water
Isthmus
narrow strip of land that connects two large land areas
Lake
large inland body of water
Mountain
Mound of earth large than a hill with steep sides
Mountain Range
series of mountains connected together
Mouth
opening of a river that empties into another body of water
ocean
major body of salt water that covers a large portion of the earth,surface
Peninsula
land that is surrounded by water on three sides
Plateau
flat area of land at a high elevation
Plain
flat area of low land
River
large natural stream of water that runs through land and empties into a larger body of water
Sound
large body of water located between the coastline and island
Source
place where river or stream originates
Strait
narrow body of water between two larger bodies of water
Tributary
small river that runs into a larger river
Valley
land at a low elevation located between hills or mountains
Volcano
elevated opening in the earth that spews lava and or ash
Earth surface - water
70 percent of the earths surface is water
Four major oceans of the world
Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Artic
Geograph
study of all aspects of earth, includes both physical and human features
Physical Geograph
the study of the physical characteristics of the earth