190 terms


Which one of the following was NOT a factor that stimulated English migration to the New World?
Government laws that forced the migration of the poorer classes.
Unlike Virginia, Maryland was established
as a religious sanctuary for persecuted Catholics from England
The major difference in the founding of the colony of Georgia was
an act of aggression and defense from the Spanish
The main staple of the Carolinas' economy by the close of the seventeenth century was
The famous English philosopher who wrote the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina
John Locke
The founder of the Georgia colony was
James Oglethorpe
The Plymouth Colony was ultimately absorbed by
In Massachusetts Bay "freeman status" was granted to adult males who
were church members
Anne Hutchinson's skillful self-defense at her trial before the Bay's magistrates was ruined by
her claim of self revelation
Puritans viewed which of the following as essential to their New England common-wealth?
a healthy family life
Who was the most important embodiment of the Enlightenment in America?
Benjamin Franklin
Which of the following was not a consequence of the seven years' war?
it revealed british discontent with america's contribution to it's own defense
Colonial legislators saw their primary function as
implementing the governor's policies
England passed the Coercive Acts in response to
the Boston Tea Party
What proposed a new form for government that was acceptable to the smaller states
New Jersey Plan
Which of the following individuals is incorrectly matched with his position in George Washington's first Cabinet?
James Madison: Secretary of State
Which of the following would Alexander Hamilton have proposed?
providing government subsidies to manufacturers
During Washington's second term in office,
foreign affairs became a much more important focus
The Genet Affair
France's use of American ships in violation of U.S pledges of neutrality
The emergence of political parties
had both good and bad consequences for the nation at the time
Washington's farewell address
advised against permanent alliances with nations that were not interested in promoting American security
The election of 1796 was complicated by
behind the scenes manipulations by Alexander Hamilton
As a result of the actions taken by John Adams while president
the United States had harmony with France
The Barbary States were located in
North Africa
As the chief negotiator with France, who engineered the Louisiana Purchase?
James Monroe
Jefferson's foreign policy
created more harm than good for the United States
Under Jeffersonian Republicanism,
Americans believed opportunities were available to them
By 1810, one-fifth of the American population was made up of
African Americans
Thomas Jefferson's attitude toward Native Americans showed that he
respected them as people, but was not impressed by their culture
What difficulty did Jefferson face in purchasing the Louisiana Territory?
the constitutionality of his actions
After 1800, Federalists retained control of
the judiciary
The decision in Marbury v. Madison was the first time the Supreme Court
asserted its right to judge the constitutionality of congressional acts
Samuel Chase's impeachment trial
maintained the independence of the judiciary
The Adams-Onis Treaty
made Florida a U.S territory
Between 1815 and 1824, the United States
grew rapidly in size and population
The first great federal transportation project was the
building of the national roads
The great canal building boom of the 1820s and 1830s ended
when canals proved to be an unprofitable means for transportation
The most important decision of the Marshall Court was
McCullough v. Maryland
The main diplomatic challenge facing Jame's Monroe in 1820 was
responding to the revolt of Spain's Latin American colonies
The Monroe Doctrine
made little impression on the European powers
The development of profitable commercial farming resulted
the availability of good land and the revolution in marketing
John Quincy Adams was the handpicked selection for President by President Monroe. what office did he hold in the Monroe Administration
Secretary of State
what was the Native American tribe that attempted to assimilate into American Society?
The nullification controversy occurred in the state of
South Carolina
Who came to symbolize the triumph of democracy?
Andrew Jackson
What denied states that right to take Native American tribal lands?
Worcester v. Georgia
Andrew Jackson killed the national bank
by withdrawing federal deposits from it
From Jackson's response to the nullification crisis, one can conclude that he
believed in the limited use of federal power but also that states were not truly sovereign
Andrew Jackson's attitude toward Native Americans was that
they should be removed to areas beyond white expansion
John Quincy Adams' victory in 1824 was aided by
Henry Clay
The most obvious indicator of the supremacy of democracy in the United States was
the development of universal manhood suffrage
The "Trail of Tears" refers to
the forced relocation of the Cherokees to Oklahoma
Between 1824 and 1840, voter participation in elections
increased dramatically
Slavery's hold on the South was strengthened by increasing importance of
short-staple cotton
During the nineteenth century, the center of cotton production
shifted rapidly westward
At the time of the Civil War,
the percentage of whites owning slaves was increasing
The yeoman farmer of the South was
proud and self-reliant
Southern proslavery arguments did NOT include the belief that slavery was
mandated by the United States Constitution
Southern apologists claimed the master-slave relationship was more humane than employer-worker relationships because
it afforded greater long-term security
The conspiracy for slave rebellion uncovered in South Carolina in 1822 was led by
Denmark Vesey
The foundation of the African American culture was
Free African Americans in the south were
actively involved in helping fugitive slaves
The approach viewed by many American religious leaders as the best way to extend religious values was called
The Second Great Awakening began
on the southern frontier
The reform movement in New England began as
an effort to defend Calvinism against Enlightenment ideas
The reform movement did NOT inspire
dramatic changes in Protestant theology
As a reform effort, the temperance movement
was directed at a serious social problem
An important change in the American family in the nineteenth century was
the growing significance of mutual affection in marraige
Which one of the following individuals was NOT a prominent preacher of the Second Great Awakening?
Henry David Thoreau
In practice, working-class families viewed the new public school
as depriving them of needed wage earners
In theory, prisons and asylums
were to substitute for the family
Abolitionism received its greatest support in the
small-to medium-sized towns of the upper North
Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the Young America movement?
a weak foreign policy
The American population moved westward in the 1830s and 1840s for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
loyalty to Mexico and Great Britain
The most plausible reason for the Texas Revolution was
the unwillingness of Anglo-Americans to accept Mexican rule
Manifest Destiny was based, in part, on
the belief that God was on the side of american expansion
The Treaty of Gaudalupe Hidalgo
provided the opportunity for additional expansion by the United States
For the American economy, railroads
had an enormous effect
Between the 1830s and 1840s, most of the immigrants to the United States came from
Western Europe
What book did Herman Melville produce a novel, original in form and conception to fulfill the demand of Young Americans for a New Literature
Moby Dick
The inventor of the mechanical reaper was
Cyrus McCormick
The leader of the Mormon trek to Utah was
Brigham Young
The Compromise of 1850
abolished the slave trade in the District of Columbia
The Wilmot Proviso sought to
ban slavery in the territory acquired from Mexico
According to the principle of popular sovereignty
the House of Representatives would determine whether a territory would have slavery
In the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Stephen Douglas attempted to set up a territorial government based on
popular sovereignty
Why did the Know-Nothings become popular?
They reflected the growing differences between the sections.
The Republican Party
was primarily a sectional party
In the 1850s, the most important example of literary abolitionism was
Uncle Tom's Cabin
In the Dred Scott case, the Supreme Court decision was largely the work of
Robert Taney
The Republican Party platform in 1860
attempted to broaden the party's appeal in the North
Individuals who opposed the expansion of slavery into the territories because they feared its effect on the labor system were known as
Free Soilers
Which of the following does NOT apply to Lincoln's initial policy toward the confederacy?
the deployment of troops along the "border states" to demonstrate a Union resolve to fight
Which of the following was NOT a provision of the Confederate Constitution?
a strong central government
The chart labeled "resources of the union and the confederacy,1861" could suggest all of the following statements as true EXCEPT
The South was extremely industrialized due to the expansion of railroads
Which one of the following states was NOT part of the Confederacy?
In the beginning, the Civil War was
a struggle to preserve the Union
Which one of the following was NOT a northern advantage throughout the war?
familiar terrain and public support
To secure the necessary troops for the war,
A and B....(south resorted to the draft and the north resorted to the draft)
Lincoln and Davis learned early in the war that
successful conduct of war required active, executive leadership
The Emancipation Proclamation freed
only slaves in the Confederacy
Confederate leaders were confident of British recognition, because
British textile mills were so dependent on Southern cotton
A minimal Reconstruction policy was favored by
President Lincoln
Which of the following groups was disappointed by the Fifteenth Amendment?
At their state constitutional conventions, Southerners were required to do all of the following except
guarantee the political and civil rights of the freedmen
The legacy of Reconstruction for most African Americans was
poverty and discrimination
The small number of African Americans elected to state or national office during Reconstruction demonstrated on the average
more integrity and competence than heir white counterparts
Andrew Johnson was indicted by the House for his violation of the
Tenure of Office Act
The South's refusal to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment
forced the Republicans to abolish the existing Southern governments and give the vote to African Americans
The organization that symbolized most vividly the "white backlash" of the Reconstruction era was
The Ku Klux Klan
Black Codes showed that
Southerners wanted African Americans to return to positions of servility
Which of the following was NOT a scandal during the Grant Administration?
Teapot Dome
Which of the following best describe the Plains tribes?
nomadic and warlike
Which of the following was perhaps the greatest Native American victory over the United States Army?
Custer's Last Stand
Which of the following was NOT part of the national government's policy toward Native Americans in the 1870s and 1880s?
assimilating Native Americans into urban life
Which one of the following was NOT done by the Dawes Act?
It greatly increased the power of tribal chiefs
What was established to help provide isolated farmers with social and cultural activities
National Grange
The Homestead Act of 1862 failed because
the land allotments were insufficient for farming arid land
Which of the following statements describes the journey for most settlers westward?
All members of the journey had tasks to fulfill on the trail
In open range ranching, ranchers
rounded up wild cattle roaming free on the range
Frederick Jackson Turner was
the historian who first developed the "frontier thesis"
The Plains tribes differed from the Eastern Woodland tribes because
All of the above
The most important advances in industrialization
came in the last third of the nineteenth century
Which of the following individuals is incorrectly associated with the industry he helped to found?
Henry Bessemer: railroads
Which of the following companies was NOT a retail store marketing its products around the country in the late nineteenth century?
After 1870, the measure of a nation's industrial progress was determined by
the production of steel
As a result of the proliferation of patents in the late nineteenth century,
American life rapidly changed
Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the advent of advertising?
Most consumers felt threatened by the new industrial goods
In comparison to male workers, female workers
were relegated to traditional, "feminine" jobs
Why did the Knights of Labor fail?
It could not provide effective national leadership
The Haymarket Square riot
weakened the national labor movement
The two transcontinental railroad lines met at
Promontory, Utah
The journalist who exposed How the Other Half Lives in urban tenements was
Jacob Riis
If an American became ill in the 1870s,
home care would be the accepted form of treatment
Most Americans in the 1880s
were church attending Protestants
The most famous of the urban political bosses in the late nineteenth century was
William Tweed
The common-law doctrine of femme couverte
was revised to adapt to the changes of the period
As a result of the Plessy v. Ferguson decision
African American education was to be seperate but equal to white education
Booker T. Washington
believed that self-help was the best plan for African Americans
The Social Darwinists
believed the laws of nature applied to society
According to Henry George
there was a wide gulf between rich and poor
Why were Americans fascinated by politics during the Gilded Age?
Most Americans saw it as a form of entertainment
Which of the following was NOT part of the Republican Party's platform in the post-Civil War period?
decentralized government power
the Wabash decision stated that
only the federal government could regulate interstate trade
The Sherman Antitrust Act
was vague and at the mercy of the Courts
The case United States v. E.C Knight
narrowed the definition of trusts and monopolies
The major objective of the Alliance Movement was
to organize and politicize the American farmer
Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the Pullman strike?
The workers had their demands met
William McKinley was elected president in
The major issue of the election of 1896 was
Theodore Roosevelt resigned from his position as............to organize the Rough Riders
assistant secretary of the navy
Josiah Strong
fostered the concept of the righteousness of American expansion
Frederick W. Taylor's management methods emphasized
the enforcement of work standards and cooperation
Which one of the following is an incorrect match
Booker T. Washington-Niagara Movement
This organization led the fight for equal rights and education
Between 1900 and 1920, women
increasingly found professional careers closed to them
In the first decade of the twentieth century, the American Federation of Labor
remained devoted to the interests of skilled craftsmen
In terms of worker relations, Henry Ford
tried many innovations
The greater leisure time available to workers resulted from
a decrease in the length of the work week
A popular form of entertainment that drew from the immigrant experience was
The Treaty of Washington in 1871
both B and D
During the Cleveland administration, which nation did the United States replace as the major power in Latin America?
Great Britain
Why did the United States increase its interest in Hawaii after the Civil War?
The economic and military value of the islands increased
In their approaches to the Cuban rebellion against Spain,
President Cleveland was generally neutral while President McKinley favored the insurgents
By 1897, Spain
tried to avoid a confrontation with the United States
The Philippine-American War was
more costly than the Spanish-American War
According to the Supreme Court,
Congress should determine the rights of U.S. possessions
In which of the following territories did the native inhabitants receive United States citizenship in 1900?
Henry Ford showed that enormous revenues could come from
small unit profit on a large volume of sales
Using your own knowledge and the following graph, between 1898 and 1903, the American economy saw
a wave of mergers and consolidations
Which of the following was NOT characteristic of progressivism?
It sought radical changes in American life
Women gained the right to vote through the
Nineteenth Amendment
The Mann-Elkins Act of 1910
balanced progressive and conservative demands
The 1910 election was significant because
the Republican suffered tremendous losses in Congress
The Sixteenth Amendment Act
authorized an income tax
In 1912, Roosevelt's New Nationalism
demanded a stronger role for the president and government
Woodrow Wilson won the election of 1912 because
of the split in the Republican Party
The Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914
prohibited interlocking directorates and unfair trade practices
The Adamson Act of 1916
imposed the eight-hour day on railroads
The president who invited Booker T. Washington to the WHite House was
Theodore Roosevelt
The Hay -Bunau-Varilla Treaty
gave the United States control of the Panama Canal Zone
Taft's policy of "dollar diplomacy"
promoted American financial and business interests abroad
In his approach to foreign affairs, Wilson could be described as
a moralist
At the beginning of World War I, Americans
generally accepted neutrality
At the beginning of World War I, Great Britain
sought to restrict American trade with Germany
The 1915 German sinking of the ......cost 128 American lives and enraged the American public
The zimmermann telegram
proposed an alliance between Germany and Mexico
In forming his delegation for the Paris Peace Conference, Wilson
wanted a group he could control
One of Wilson's major goals at Paris was
to found a League of Nations to enforce peace
What were fourteen Republican senators who steadfastly opposed every aspect of the League of Nations?