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Which one of the following was NOT a factor that stimulated English migration to the New World?

Government laws that forced the migration of the poorer classes.

Unlike Virginia, Maryland was established

as a religious sanctuary for persecuted Catholics from England

The major difference in the founding of the colony of Georgia was

an act of aggression and defense from the Spanish

The main staple of the Carolinas' economy by the close of the seventeenth century was


The famous English philosopher who wrote the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina

John Locke

The founder of the Georgia colony was

James Oglethorpe

The Plymouth Colony was ultimately absorbed by


In Massachusetts Bay "freeman status" was granted to adult males who

were church members

Anne Hutchinson's skillful self-defense at her trial before the Bay's magistrates was ruined by

her claim of self revelation

Puritans viewed which of the following as essential to their New England common-wealth?

a healthy family life

Who was the most important embodiment of the Enlightenment in America?

Benjamin Franklin

Which of the following was not a consequence of the seven years' war?

it revealed british discontent with america's contribution to it's own defense

Colonial legislators saw their primary function as

implementing the governor's policies

England passed the Coercive Acts in response to

the Boston Tea Party

What proposed a new form for government that was acceptable to the smaller states

New Jersey Plan

Which of the following individuals is incorrectly matched with his position in George Washington's first Cabinet?

James Madison: Secretary of State

Which of the following would Alexander Hamilton have proposed?

providing government subsidies to manufacturers

During Washington's second term in office,

foreign affairs became a much more important focus

The Genet Affair

France's use of American ships in violation of U.S pledges of neutrality

The emergence of political parties

had both good and bad consequences for the nation at the time

Washington's farewell address

advised against permanent alliances with nations that were not interested in promoting American security

The election of 1796 was complicated by

behind the scenes manipulations by Alexander Hamilton

As a result of the actions taken by John Adams while president

the United States had harmony with France

The Barbary States were located in

North Africa

As the chief negotiator with France, who engineered the Louisiana Purchase?

James Monroe

Jefferson's foreign policy

created more harm than good for the United States

Under Jeffersonian Republicanism,

Americans believed opportunities were available to them

By 1810, one-fifth of the American population was made up of

African Americans

Thomas Jefferson's attitude toward Native Americans showed that he

respected them as people, but was not impressed by their culture

What difficulty did Jefferson face in purchasing the Louisiana Territory?

the constitutionality of his actions

After 1800, Federalists retained control of

the judiciary

The decision in Marbury v. Madison was the first time the Supreme Court

asserted its right to judge the constitutionality of congressional acts

Samuel Chase's impeachment trial

maintained the independence of the judiciary

The Adams-Onis Treaty

made Florida a U.S territory

Between 1815 and 1824, the United States

grew rapidly in size and population

The first great federal transportation project was the

building of the national roads

The great canal building boom of the 1820s and 1830s ended

when canals proved to be an unprofitable means for transportation

The most important decision of the Marshall Court was

McCullough v. Maryland

The main diplomatic challenge facing Jame's Monroe in 1820 was

responding to the revolt of Spain's Latin American colonies

The Monroe Doctrine

made little impression on the European powers

The development of profitable commercial farming resulted

the availability of good land and the revolution in marketing

John Quincy Adams was the handpicked selection for President by President Monroe. what office did he hold in the Monroe Administration

Secretary of State

what was the Native American tribe that attempted to assimilate into American Society?


The nullification controversy occurred in the state of

South Carolina

Who came to symbolize the triumph of democracy?

Andrew Jackson

What denied states that right to take Native American tribal lands?

Worcester v. Georgia

Andrew Jackson killed the national bank

by withdrawing federal deposits from it

From Jackson's response to the nullification crisis, one can conclude that he

believed in the limited use of federal power but also that states were not truly sovereign

Andrew Jackson's attitude toward Native Americans was that

they should be removed to areas beyond white expansion

John Quincy Adams' victory in 1824 was aided by

Henry Clay

The most obvious indicator of the supremacy of democracy in the United States was

the development of universal manhood suffrage

The "Trail of Tears" refers to

the forced relocation of the Cherokees to Oklahoma

Between 1824 and 1840, voter participation in elections

increased dramatically

Slavery's hold on the South was strengthened by increasing importance of

short-staple cotton

During the nineteenth century, the center of cotton production

shifted rapidly westward

At the time of the Civil War,

the percentage of whites owning slaves was increasing

The yeoman farmer of the South was

proud and self-reliant

Southern proslavery arguments did NOT include the belief that slavery was

mandated by the United States Constitution

Southern apologists claimed the master-slave relationship was more humane than employer-worker relationships because

it afforded greater long-term security

The conspiracy for slave rebellion uncovered in South Carolina in 1822 was led by

Denmark Vesey

The foundation of the African American culture was


Free African Americans in the south were

actively involved in helping fugitive slaves

The approach viewed by many American religious leaders as the best way to extend religious values was called


The Second Great Awakening began

on the southern frontier

The reform movement in New England began as

an effort to defend Calvinism against Enlightenment ideas

The reform movement did NOT inspire

dramatic changes in Protestant theology

As a reform effort, the temperance movement

was directed at a serious social problem

An important change in the American family in the nineteenth century was

the growing significance of mutual affection in marraige

Which one of the following individuals was NOT a prominent preacher of the Second Great Awakening?

Henry David Thoreau

In practice, working-class families viewed the new public school

as depriving them of needed wage earners

In theory, prisons and asylums

were to substitute for the family

Abolitionism received its greatest support in the

small-to medium-sized towns of the upper North

Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the Young America movement?

a weak foreign policy

The American population moved westward in the 1830s and 1840s for all of the following reasons EXCEPT

loyalty to Mexico and Great Britain

The most plausible reason for the Texas Revolution was

the unwillingness of Anglo-Americans to accept Mexican rule

Manifest Destiny was based, in part, on

the belief that God was on the side of american expansion

The Treaty of Gaudalupe Hidalgo

provided the opportunity for additional expansion by the United States

For the American economy, railroads

had an enormous effect

Between the 1830s and 1840s, most of the immigrants to the United States came from

Western Europe

What book did Herman Melville produce a novel, original in form and conception to fulfill the demand of Young Americans for a New Literature

Moby Dick

The inventor of the mechanical reaper was

Cyrus McCormick

The leader of the Mormon trek to Utah was

Brigham Young

The Compromise of 1850

abolished the slave trade in the District of Columbia

The Wilmot Proviso sought to

ban slavery in the territory acquired from Mexico

According to the principle of popular sovereignty

the House of Representatives would determine whether a territory would have slavery

In the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Stephen Douglas attempted to set up a territorial government based on

popular sovereignty

Why did the Know-Nothings become popular?

They reflected the growing differences between the sections.

The Republican Party

was primarily a sectional party

In the 1850s, the most important example of literary abolitionism was

Uncle Tom's Cabin

In the Dred Scott case, the Supreme Court decision was largely the work of

Robert Taney

The Republican Party platform in 1860

attempted to broaden the party's appeal in the North

Individuals who opposed the expansion of slavery into the territories because they feared its effect on the labor system were known as

Free Soilers

Which of the following does NOT apply to Lincoln's initial policy toward the confederacy?

the deployment of troops along the "border states" to demonstrate a Union resolve to fight

Which of the following was NOT a provision of the Confederate Constitution?

a strong central government

The chart labeled "resources of the union and the confederacy,1861" could suggest all of the following statements as true EXCEPT

The South was extremely industrialized due to the expansion of railroads

Which one of the following states was NOT part of the Confederacy?


In the beginning, the Civil War was

a struggle to preserve the Union

Which one of the following was NOT a northern advantage throughout the war?

familiar terrain and public support

To secure the necessary troops for the war,

A and B....(south resorted to the draft and the north resorted to the draft)

Lincoln and Davis learned early in the war that

successful conduct of war required active, executive leadership

The Emancipation Proclamation freed

only slaves in the Confederacy

Confederate leaders were confident of British recognition, because

British textile mills were so dependent on Southern cotton

A minimal Reconstruction policy was favored by

President Lincoln

Which of the following groups was disappointed by the Fifteenth Amendment?


At their state constitutional conventions, Southerners were required to do all of the following except

guarantee the political and civil rights of the freedmen

The legacy of Reconstruction for most African Americans was

poverty and discrimination

The small number of African Americans elected to state or national office during Reconstruction demonstrated on the average

more integrity and competence than heir white counterparts

Andrew Johnson was indicted by the House for his violation of the

Tenure of Office Act

The South's refusal to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment

forced the Republicans to abolish the existing Southern governments and give the vote to African Americans

The organization that symbolized most vividly the "white backlash" of the Reconstruction era was

The Ku Klux Klan

Black Codes showed that

Southerners wanted African Americans to return to positions of servility

Which of the following was NOT a scandal during the Grant Administration?

Teapot Dome

Which of the following best describe the Plains tribes?

nomadic and warlike

Which of the following was perhaps the greatest Native American victory over the United States Army?

Custer's Last Stand

Which of the following was NOT part of the national government's policy toward Native Americans in the 1870s and 1880s?

assimilating Native Americans into urban life

Which one of the following was NOT done by the Dawes Act?

It greatly increased the power of tribal chiefs

What was established to help provide isolated farmers with social and cultural activities

National Grange

The Homestead Act of 1862 failed because

the land allotments were insufficient for farming arid land

Which of the following statements describes the journey for most settlers westward?

All members of the journey had tasks to fulfill on the trail

In open range ranching, ranchers

rounded up wild cattle roaming free on the range

Frederick Jackson Turner was

the historian who first developed the "frontier thesis"

The Plains tribes differed from the Eastern Woodland tribes because

All of the above

The most important advances in industrialization

came in the last third of the nineteenth century

Which of the following individuals is incorrectly associated with the industry he helped to found?

Henry Bessemer: railroads

Which of the following companies was NOT a retail store marketing its products around the country in the late nineteenth century?


After 1870, the measure of a nation's industrial progress was determined by

the production of steel

As a result of the proliferation of patents in the late nineteenth century,

American life rapidly changed

Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the advent of advertising?

Most consumers felt threatened by the new industrial goods

In comparison to male workers, female workers

were relegated to traditional, "feminine" jobs

Why did the Knights of Labor fail?

It could not provide effective national leadership

The Haymarket Square riot

weakened the national labor movement

The two transcontinental railroad lines met at

Promontory, Utah

The journalist who exposed How the Other Half Lives in urban tenements was

Jacob Riis

If an American became ill in the 1870s,

home care would be the accepted form of treatment

Most Americans in the 1880s

were church attending Protestants

The most famous of the urban political bosses in the late nineteenth century was

William Tweed

The common-law doctrine of femme couverte

was revised to adapt to the changes of the period

As a result of the Plessy v. Ferguson decision

African American education was to be seperate but equal to white education

Booker T. Washington

believed that self-help was the best plan for African Americans

The Social Darwinists

believed the laws of nature applied to society

According to Henry George

there was a wide gulf between rich and poor

Why were Americans fascinated by politics during the Gilded Age?

Most Americans saw it as a form of entertainment

Which of the following was NOT part of the Republican Party's platform in the post-Civil War period?

decentralized government power

the Wabash decision stated that

only the federal government could regulate interstate trade

The Sherman Antitrust Act

was vague and at the mercy of the Courts

The case United States v. E.C Knight

narrowed the definition of trusts and monopolies

The major objective of the Alliance Movement was

to organize and politicize the American farmer

Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the Pullman strike?

The workers had their demands met

William McKinley was elected president in


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