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numerous disorders affecting skeletal muscles, bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and joints
accumulation of crystalline deposits in articular
surfaces, bones, soft tissue, and cartilage
grating or crackling sound or sensation; may occur with movement of ends of a broken bone or irregular joint surface
a thin, vascular membrane covering the marrow cavity of long bones and the spaces in cancellous bone
enlargement; increase in size of muscle isometric contraction: muscle tension increased, length unchanged, no joint motion
process that ensures bone maintenance
through simultaneous bone resorption and formation
externally applied device to support the body or a body part, control movement, and prevent injury
psychological (claustrophobic reaction) or physiologic (superior mesenteric artery syndrome) responses to conﬁnement in body cast
continuous passive motion (CPM) device:
a device that promotes range of motion, circulation, and healing
neurologic (motor and sensory components) and circulatory functioning of a body part
open reduction with internal ﬁxation (ORIF):
open surgical procedure to repair and stabilize a fracture
tissue harvested from one area of the body and used for transplantation to another area of the same body
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