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6 Written questions

6 Multiple choice questions

  1. evolutionary innovations that arose BEFORE a lineage originated. Present because they were inherited from the ancestral group
  2. domain of all organisms whose cells have nuclei, including protists, plants, fungi, and animals
  3. any of various single-celled prokaryotes genetically distinct from bacteria, often thriving in extreme environmental conditions

  4. kingdom composed of heterotrophs; absorptive heterotrophs which obtain nutrients by decomposing dead and decaying organic material
  5. AKA Domain Bacteria; unicellular prokaryotes containing peptidoglycan in their cell walls; include most bacteria of medical and economic significance

  6. kingdom composed of eukaryotes that are not classified as plants, animals, or fungi

5 True/False questions

  1. cladisticsa phylogenetic classification system that uses shared derived characters and ancestry as the sole criterion for grouping taxa


  2. invertebrate
    any animal lacking a backbone or notochord


  3. cladograma diagram that is based on patterns of shared, derived traits and that shows the evolutionary relationships between groups of organisms


  4. Kingdom Plantae
    the taxonomic kingdom comprising all living or extinct plants; , eukaryotic, multicellular, autotrophic organisms with cellulose-containing cell walls


  5. phylogenetic tree
    a family tree that shows the evolutionary relationships thought to exist among groups of organisms


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