Law and Rules of the Road
Terms in this set (77)
Can you still drive even with physical or mental conditions that may affect your driving?
It depends on the physical or mental condition. You may be able to drive even with certain physical limitations if restrctions are placed on your license.
you must be able to turn the vehical around in a 30 to 40 degree space.
Coming to a crossing
You need to show that you are able to get in the correct lane, in the correct gear, and look both ways.
If you're operating a vehicle with a manual transmission, you need to show that you can shift gears properly.
Following right-of-way rules
This includes proper procedure for sharing the road with emergency vehicles, pedestrians, and other traffic.
Back for a distance of 50 feet at a slow speed without using the rearview mirror.
Being able to park.
being able to start and stop on a grade.
Making quick stops
You must be able to prove that you can make this stop from the speed of 20 mph.
Being able to following stop signs and signals.
Turns and turn signals
Using turn signals and following through on the turn.
Being able to follow vehicles from safe distance.
Being able to stay within the proper lane.
Anyone who holds a current learners license needs to be accompanied by a licensed driver, 21 years of age or older, occupies the front seat closest to the right of the driveway.
The license holder can only drive in daylight during the first three months of his or her licensing.
After the initial three months, The student may drive between 6 AM until 10 PM.
Must pass the vision test as well as a road rules/road signs exam.
Operator's License Restrictions for a 16-year-old driver
Here she may only drive between 6 AM and 11 AM, unless accompanied by a licensed driver was at least 21 years old who is in the front passenger seat or if traveling for work.
Operator's License Restrictions for a 17-year-old driver
Here she may drive between 5 AM and 1 PM, unless accompanied by a licensed driver who's at least 21 years old who is in the front passenger seat, or if traveling for work.
How long can you wait until after you move to get a new license?
You must obtain a new license with your address within 10 days of moving. May do this by phone mail online or in person at your local DHSMV Office. You will be issued a sticker for the back of your license. If you were issued a digital license, you will receive a new license and must destroy the previously issued license.
What happens if you fail to report a change in address after moving?
Failing to report a change in address may cause you to miss important mailings regarding registration renewal or other updates. You could be issued a ticket if pulled over by law-enforcement and have an outdated address.
What happens if your license or ID card has been lost, stolen, or destroyed?
You may apply for replacement online if your citizenship has already been verified on your record.
You may also go to your local licensing office and apply for a replacement. To do so you must pay a $25 fee.
If you have proof that the license was stolen, The fee may be waived.
You must also show two forms of identification. In some cases, you may be asked to show proof of legal presence.
If you were out-of-state temporarily and need a license replacement, you can receive a temporary 90 day permit if you make a request in writing or via email.
What are the basic fees for licensing?
Commercial drivers license - $75
First Florida license original wear license - $40
Class E license renewal or learners license renewal - $48
Replacement license in case loss - $25 (no charge if stolen and police report filed)
If six points are attached to your driving record in a 12 month period, your driving privileges will be automatically restricted to only business - related driving for 12 months or until you turn 18 years old, whichever happens first.
There will be an additional 90 days attached for each point added during the restriction period.
Excessive points will lead to the following suspensions
12 points within a 12 month perood - Not more than a 30 day suspension
18 points within an 18 month period - Not more than a three-month suspension
24 points with in a 36 month period - not more than a 1 year suspension
Points for Speeding
15 mph or less over lawful or posted speed limit - 3 points
16 mph or more over lawful or posted speed - 4 points
Speeding resulting in a collision - 6 points
Points for Moving Violations
Moving violation (includes driving during restricted hours) - 3 points
Moving violation resulting in a collision - 4 points
Reckless driving - 4 points
Improper lane change - 3 points
Leaving the scene of an accident with more than $50 worth of property damage - 6 points
Passing a stopped school bus - 4 points
Ignoring a traffic control device - 4 points
Having an open container of alcohol - 3 points
Child restraint violation - 3 points
All other moving violations - 3 points
Highway Traffic System (HTS)
Is to facilitate the efficient movement of both people and goods throughout the US. Like the blood pumping through your veins critical to keep your body functioning and healthy, the US Highway traffic system works in much the same way - it's a critical infrastructure that help support US industries and allows you to go virtually anywhere in the continental United States.
(Was developed in 1956)
What has the Interstate Highway System positively done for the Nation?
The Interstate Highway System has positively influenced economic growth, reduced traffic deaths and injuries, provided substantial benefits to users, and been a crucial factor in the nation's defence.
Division of the Florida Highway Patrol
And enforcement sector the patrols state highways and ensures the safety of drivers and citizens while on the road.
Florida department of Transportation
Offers many services that serve the public. The branch of the Safety Office attempts to ensure the safety of Florida highway system users and also assist in emergencies.
The development of safety programs using engineering, education, emergency services, and law-enforcement that reduce hazards in collisions for drivers, pedestrians, and other road users. Enthused the community traffic safety teams (CTST) and The Highway Safety Grant Program.
If you want to vehicle in the state of Florida and are played with the state are you in roll children in public schools you must register the vehicle and obtain a license plate within 10 days of employment or enrollment.
Renewal of registration or license plates
Renewable must occur each year, before or on the birthday of the first listed vehicle owner (registration expire at midnight on this day). Every time you renew my show proof of insurance.
Exemptions to this are: Vehicles owned by companies and corporations and some commercial vehicles - renew yearly by June 30
Mobile homes - renew yearly by December 31
Truck-tractors and some semi-trailers - renew yesrly by December 31
Speed Limit Areas
Municipal Speed Areas: 30 mph
Business or residential area: 30 mph
Rural Interstate: 70 mph
Limited Access Highways: 70 mph
All other roads and highways: 55 mph
School zones: 20 mph
Laws in Florida say only who must yield certain circumstances.
However, the community of travelers must all work together to avoid hazardous incidents in collisions.
Drivers approaching the stop sign must yeild the right-of-way to all other traffic or pedestrians already at the intersection.
On the road is clear, the driver may proceed.
If two vehicles reach the intersection at the same time and both sides have a stop sign, The vehicle on the left messy of the vehicle on the right. 44 way stop intersection's, the first vehicle to reach the intersection has the right-of-way and must move first.
Two kinds of intersections - Open Intersections and Controlled Intersection
They do not have traffic control signs or signals. When a driver purchase this type of intersection, he or she must see you at the right-of-way if:
The driver and tends to make a left turn into vehicles approaching from the opposite direction.
Vehicles already in the intersection.
The driver intends to enter or across the state highway from a secondary road.
The driver is entering A paved road from an unpaved road.
And two vehicles reach an open intersection at the same time, the vehicle on the left must yield to the vehicle on the right.
Roundabouts (sometimes called rotaries)
Designed to improve the flow of traffic and reduce collisions. In most cases, drivers are not required to stop, but rather move through the intersection in a counterclockwise direction at a slow speed. Right-of-way is determined by the location of each vehicle. Drivers traveling towards the roundabout yield to vehicles already moving through the roundabout. However, you should always observe all posted signs to determine who has the right-of-way in each circumstance.
When approaching an intersection, driver should slow down and look for bicyclists and yield to any cyclist already entering the intersection.
If making a turn, you should signal before passing through the bike lane and finish making the turn from the designated right turn lane.
If there is no right turn lane, look for cyclists. If there are no cyclists, enter the bike lane at the intersection or driveway.
A white car is already stopped to the right of the blue car. What should the driver of the blue car do?
Follow the "first in, first out" rule: complete stop, yield to the white car, then continue.
The blue car approaches a four-way stop at the same time as the white car. What should the driver of the blue car do?
Come to a complete stop, then yield to the white car.
The driver of the blue car should yield the right-of-way because he's turning left, while the white car is going straight.
The blue car purchase an intersection displaying a YIELD sign to him, while cross traffic does not have a YIELD sign. What should the driver do?
Yield the right-of-way to cross traffic. The YIELD sign instructs the driver to yield to cross traffic.
The blue car approaches a four-way stop at the same time as the white car. What should the driver of the blue car do?
Come to a complete stop, then yield to the white car. The driver of the blue car should yield the right-of-way because the white cars on the right.
What are the Nine Steps for making a good turn?
1. make up your mind about your turn before you get to the turning point. Turn signals are required when changing lanes. Never make "last minute" turns.
2. If you must change lanes, look behind into the side to see where other vehicles are located before making your turn.
3. Move into the correct lane as you near the intersection. The correct lane for the right turn is the lane next to the right edge of the roadway. On a two-lane Rd. with traffic in both directions, an approach for a left turn should be made from near the centerline.
4. Signal for at least the last 100 feet before you make your turn. Let other drivers know what you were planning to do.
5. Slow down to a safe turning speed.
6. when you were slowing to make a right turn, the bicyclist you pass maybe catching up to you. Search over your shoulder for turning. Yield to bicyclists and pedestrians.
7. Yield to pedestrians who may be crossing your path when turning left. Always scanned for pedestrians before starting to turn.
8. Make the turn and stay in the proper lane. Yield the right-of-way to vehicles including bicycles coming from the opposite direction.
9. Finish your turn in the proper lane. A right turn should be from the right lane into the right lane of the road entered. A left turn may be completed in any lane lawfully available, or safe, for the desired direction of travel.
The blue car to purchase a red light intending to turn right. What should the driver do?
Come to a complete stop, wait for cross traffic to pass, and make the turn when it's safe to do so.
Left turn signal by hand
The whole left arm/hand completely sticking straight out.
Right turn signal by hand
The whole left arm/hand pointing upwards.
Slow or Stop signal by hand
The whole left arm/hand pointing downwards.
Passing other vehicles
Stay safe distance behind the vehicle you want to pass. The closer you get the vehicle you want to pass, the less you can see ahead. This is especially true when passing trucks, trailers, and other large vehicles.
Before you pull up to pass, check your blind spots and make sure that you have plenty of time and room to pass.
On a 2 Lane Rd., tap your horn, or at night flash your head lights to let the other driver know you're passing.
Give your signal before you move into the left lane.
Do not return to the right side of the road until you can see both headlights of the vehicle you passed in your rearview mirror.
You must return to the right side of the road before coming within 200 feet of any vehicle coming from the opposite direction.
The blue car is passing the white car in intense return to explain. What should the driver of the blue car do you?
Return to his lane only when he can see the front of the white car and it's rearview or side view mirrow.
If traveling in a two-lane Rd. with traffic coming from the opposite direction, you may not pass other vehicles in the following circumstances or else you may be cited. You may even be arrested:
If you are at an intersection
If a DO NOT PASS or NO NO PASSING ZONE sign is posted
If a solid yellow line is on your side of the center line
When traveling on hills or curves
When traveling within 100 feet of a bridge, tunnel, rail crossing, or viaduct.
Should be used to gauge The appropriate distance between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you.
On highways a truck or other vehicle that is towing may not follow within how many feet of another truck or towing vehicle?
1. Check to see that passengers are all safely inside, doors fully closed.
2. Lock the doors and place the key in the ignition.
3. Fasten your seatbelt, and make sure all passengers are buckled up.
Check the driver seat
1. Adjust the seat for foot pedal.
2. Adjust for steering wheel reach and hand position.
3. Ajust for good visual lanes.
Check seat belts and head restraints
1. Adjust your seatbelt and shoulder harness to ensure that they are firm and comfortable. The seat belts should be worn low and snug on the hips and tight across the shoulder.
2. Head restraint position should be adjusted to maximize rear and side protecion.
Adjust the rearwiew and side mirros. Always adjust mirrors after adjusting your seat.
Parking on a public road
1. Always stop in a legal, secure parking space.
2. Maneuver as far away from traffic as you can, pulling to the shoulder of the road or close to the curb.
3. Always park on the right side except when on a one-way street not more than a foot away from the curb.
4. Set the parking break.
Put the car gear in park for automatic transmission or in reverse for manual transmission.
5. Turn off the ignition and remove your keys before exiting and locking the car.
6. Before you open the car door and leave, make sure the road is clear and you are not in danger of being hit by traffic.
7. If parking at a straight-in parking space, your vehicle should be at the center of the space with no portion protruding into traffic.
8. When exiting the parking space, check to make sure the road is clear, use your turn signal to indicate your intentions, and yield to any other traffic.
Parking with the vehicle facing downhill with a curb:
You must turn your vehicles from wheels into the curb or, in other words, toward the side of the road. REMEMBER TO SET THE PARKING BRAKE.
Parking with the vehicle facing uphill with a curb:
You must turn your vehicles front wheels away from the curb and let your vehical roll back until the rear of one front wheel makes contact with the curb. REMEMBER THE PARKING BRAKE.
Parking on a hill:
If there is no curb, turn the vehicles front wheels toward the side of the road, so if the brakes fail, the car will roll away from the road and not into the path of other vehicles. This applies to both uphill parking and downhill parking.
When parking on any type of slope, always turn the wheels so that the car will not roll into the street if the brakes fail.
These parking actions are considered illegal:
1. On the roadway side of any vehical stopped or parked at the edge or curb of a street (double parking)
2. On a crosswalk
3. On a sidewalk
4. In front of a driveway
5. By yellow curbs painted or where NO PARKING signs are posted
5. In an intersection
6. Withing 15 ft of a fire hydrant
7. Within 20 feet of an intersection
8. Within 20 feet of the entrance to a fire, amnulance or recue squad station.
9. Within 50 feet of a railroad crossing.
10. On the hand surface of a highway where parking spaces are not marked.
11. On any bridge, overpass, or in any tunnel signal.
12. Withing 30 feet of a rural mail box on a state highway between 8 AM and 6 PM.
13. Within 30 feet of any flashing signal, stop sign or traffic signal.
14. In such a way that you block or create a hazard for other vehicles.
When do you have to use your parking lights at night?
You must use your parking lights at night if you are on a roadway or shoulder outside of cities or towns. However, driving with only these lights on (without headlights) is not legal.
Parking for disabled persons:
Vehicles used by disabled people are exempt from parking fees when parked on a public street, highway, or meter.
These vehicles are required to display a valid disabled person placard that is visible from the front and the back.
Placards must be obtained from a tag agent or tax collector and must be renewed every four years.
Disabled persons should park in reserved disabled person spaces marked by the wheelchair symbol & signs. Vehicles parked in these spaces marked will be ticketed and may be towed.
Headlights must be used between sunset and sunrise or driving in rain, smoke, or fog.
Highbeam headlights must not be used if driving towards vehicles within 500 feet or if you are driving behind vehicles within 300 feet. Highbeam headlights are best used at speeds of 25 mph or above. They can reveal objects up to 450 feet away. Low beam headlights are for use up to 25 mph. When driving faster than these speeds, it will be more difficult to detect hazards, pedestrians, cyclists, and others. Driving with parking lights rather than headlights is illegal.
What do you do if a vehicle is approaching you using high-beams?
Signal by flashing your vehicles highbeams before switching back to low beams. Do not look directly at headlights on oncoming vehicles. Rather, follow the right edge of your lane and check back to observe the other vehicles position every few seconds. If you only detect one headlight approaching you from the other direction stay to the far right of your lane.
When do you turn on your low-beam headlights?
Anytime between sunset and sunrise. This includes the evening and the time before sunrise.
Anytime of rain, smoke, or fog.
Also called freeways, turnpikes, multi-lane roadways, or interstate highway's. Is roadways have no stop signs, traffic signals, or railroad crossings. Rather, they offer the fastest way to get from point A to point B.
If you try to enter what you THINK is an entrance ramp, and see red and white signs marked DO NOT ENTER or WRONG WAY immediately pull over to the edge, turn around, and leave the ramp.
What do Expressway entrances include?
1. The entrance ramp
2. The acceleration lane
3. The merge area
The Entrance Ramp
This "on-ramp" lane delivers the driver to the acceleration lane and gives the driver time to evaluate highway traffic conditions. You should search ahead for traffic on the ramp as well as gaps in traffic on the expressway.
This is the area to get the speed up to or near the speed of traffic on the expressway. The amount of acceleration depends on traffic flow on the expressway.
This is the area immediately following the acceleration lane generally distinguished by a broken white lane which indictates that traffic may flow from this lane and move onto the expressway. Always attempt to merge at the same speed of the traffic. To enter the traffic flow, merge into the correct lane position; turn off the signal and maintain new target area and cushion of space.
Reducing risk on the entrance ramp
1. Search for the proper entrance
2. Search ahead and behind you, and traffic on the expressway
3. Prepare to adjust speed for a blocked ramp ramp
4. Avoid stopping on the ramp
Reducing risk on the acceleration lane
1. Search ahead for a gap on the expressway
2. Prepare to adjust speed
3. Pull ahead onto the shoulder if no merge area is available
Reducing risk in merging areas
1. Search ahead and to the side
2. Prepare to blend speed with traffic
3. Watch for traffic changing lanes at merge points
What are the two components for exiting?
1. Deceleration lane: an area where speed can be reduced to exit safely and yield to other drivers. It may be marked with a dash line on the right, and may be shared with cars entering and exiting the expressway.
2. Exit ramp: The off ramp may be level or sharply curved, uphill or downhill and. Be sure to adjust speed for the ramp speed limit depending on the sharpness of the curve.
Provides both an entrance and an exit for an expressway. Drivers entering the "acceleration" ("weave") lane from The entrance ramp shall yield the right-of-way exiting traffic.
Short Deceleration Lane
Some deceleration lanes may be shorter others, requiring you to slow more quickly in the situations. Be sure to check your rear zone for traffic.