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17 terms

Unit 6 endocrine system disorders

STUDY
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Pituitary Dwarfism
hyposecretion of GH during childhood
Gigantism
Hypersecretion during childhood
Acromegaly
hypersecretion after long-bone growth has ended
Sterility
hyposecretion of FSH or LH (m and f)
Diabetes Insipidus
Hyposecretion of ADH (excessive urine output) (continously thirsty)
Goiters
Iodine defficiency
Cretinism
Hyposecretion of thyroxine (lack of stimulation by TSH) (occurs early in childhood)
Myxedema
hypothyroidism occuring in adults
graves dieases
a form of hypothyroidism
exophthalmos
eye buldging condition (found in graves diease)
tetany
blood calium levels fall to low- deliver impulses to muscles at such a rapid rate the muscles go into uncontrollable spasms
Addison's Disease
a generalized hyposecretion of all the adrenal cortex hormones (bronzy skin) low aldosterone levels
hyperaldosteronism
hyperactivity of the outermost cortical area
cushings syndrome
excessive glucocorticoids (moon face and appearance of buffalo hump)
masculinization
can occur in both men and women (in women excessive hair growth)
diabetes mellitus
glucose isnt distributed properly, also causes dehydration
insulin resistance
type 2 diabetes patients unable to respond to insulin