Terms in this set (31)
Leader of the Roundheads, becomes leader of Commonwealth of England's First English Republic after Charles I was decapitated.
Legislative branch of English government.
Peter the Great
Enlightened despot of Russia from 1682-1725. He tried to make Russia like (then) modern Western Europe.
King from 1556-98 of Spain at height of Spanish power throughout the world.
A meeting of people during the Enlightenment where learning and discussion of all topics took place.
Enlightenment philosopher who proposed the idea of the Social Contract.
Enlightenment philosopher who proposed freedom of speech, separation of church and state and religious tolerance.
William and Mary
King/Queen of England from 1689-1702 by signing the English Bill of Rights from the Glorious Revolution. The moved power from the crown to Parliament.
The idea that society was created because without it men were not subject to laws and therefore had to create laws tor protect their well being and gave up certain rights to maintain that well being.
The belief that all political power should be held by one person.
Economic philosopher who proposed that economies were guided by the "Invisible` hand" of the market place (capitalism)
Baron de Montesquieu
Enlightenment philosopher who believed that government should have 3 branches with equal power to keep each one balanced and in control (checks and balances)
Catherine the Great
Ruled Russia 1762-96, modernized Russia with Enlightenment ideas
Absolute monarch of England from 1600-49. Treatment of Parliament caused civil war.
Enlightened King of Spain from 1795-88. He proposed economic and legal reforms to improve the life of the common Spaniard.
Type of government with a King or Queen whose power is limited.
Son of Charles I, he became King of England in 1660. Continued to be in conflict with Parliament.
Enlightenment view which taught that God was not involved with the natural world, he created it and the laws that govern the universe, then steeped away.
Divine Right of Kings
Main belief of monarchs during Age of Absolutism, it taught that a king's power came from God and to disobey a king was to disobey God.
English Civil War
Event from 1642-51 between Charles I and Parliament.
A type of monarch who embraced Enlightenment ideas but still retained absolute power.
1688 event. King James II kicked out by Parliament because he was Catholic. William and Mary became King and Queen through Parliament.
Frederick the Great
Enlightened despot of Prussia 1740-86. Modernized Prussia: government reform, religious tolerance promotion, etc.
Age of Reason, period where scientific thought affected everything.
Absolute Monarchs reduce or eliminate the nobility's power.
Spread religion through colonization
Spread religion through war
Divine Right of Kings/Defender of the Faith