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56 terms

vocab unit 9 with pos, syn, ant, pronunciation, and definition

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aBATE
(v) to make less in amount, degree, etc
to subside, become less
to nullify
to deduct, omit
abate
syn: diminish, decrease, subside, let up
abate
ant: intensify, increase, magnify, wax
aduLAtion
(n) praise or flattery that is excessive
adulation
syn: adoration, diolization, hero-worship
adulation
ant: ridicule, derision, scorn, odium
aNATHema
(n) an object of intense dislike
a curse or strong denunciation (often used adjectivally without the article)
anathema
syn: malediction, imprecation, abomination
anathema
ant: benediction, blessing
asTUTE
(adj) shrewd, crafty, showing practical wisdom
astute
syn: shrewd, acute, sagacious, judicious, wily
astute
ant: obtuse, doltish, empty-headed, dumb
AVarice
(n) a greedy desire, particularly for wealth
avarice
syn: cupidity, rapacity, acquisitiveness
CULpable
(adj) deserving blame, worthy of condemnation
culpable
syn: guilty, delinquent, peccant, blameworthy
culpable
ant: blameless, innocent, laudable, meritorious
DILatory
(adj) tending to delay or procrastinate, not prompt
intended to delay or postpone
dilatory
syn: stalling, slow, tardy, laggard
dilatory
ant: prompt, punctual, speedy, expeditious
eGREGious
(adj) conspicuous, standing out from the mass (used particularly in an unfavorable sense)
egregious
syn: glaring, flagrant, blatant
egregious
ant: unnoticeable, paltry, piddling
eQUIVocate
(v) to speak or act in a way that allows for more than one interpretation
to be deliberately vague or ambiguous
equivocate
syn: to talk out on both sides of one's mouth, palter hedge
equivocate
ant: to speak one's mind plainly
evaNESCent
(adj) vanishing, soon passing away
light and airy
evanescent
syn: ephemeral, transient, transitory
evanescent
ant: everlasting, immortal, imperishable
irRESolute
(adj) unable to make up one's mind, hesitating
irresolute
syn: indecisive, vacillating, wavering
irresolute
ant: determined, decisive, unwavering
NEBulous
(adj) cloudlike, resembling a cloud
cloudy in color, not transparent
vague, confused, indistinct
nebulous
syn: hazy, fuzzy, cloudy, vague, murky, opaque, indeterminate
nebulous
ant: definite, distinct, clear, sharply focused
NOVice
(n) one who is just a beginner at some activity requiring skill and experience (also used adjectivally)
novice
syn: neophyte, tyro, trainee, apprentice
novice
ant: veteran, past master, pro, expert
PENury
(n) extreme poverty
barrenness, insufficiency
penury
syn: destitution, want, indigence
penury
ant: affluence, abundance, luxury, opulence
preTENtious
(adj) done for show, striving to make a big impression
claiming merit or position unjustifiably
making demands on one's skills or abilities, ambitious
pretentious
syn: inflated, ostentatious, affected
pretentious
ant: unassuming, unaffected, modest
recaPITulate
(v) to review a series of facts
to sum up
recapitulate
syn: review, summarize, sum up, go over
reSUSCitate
(v) to revive, bring back to consciousness or existence
resuscitate
syn: revitalize, reanimate, restore, reactivate
SLOVenly
(adj) untidy, dirty, careless
slovenly
syn: unkempt, slatternly, slipshod, lax
slovenly
ant: neat, tidy, carefull, meticulous
suppoSItion
(n) something that is assumed or taken for granted without conclusive evidence
supposition
syn: assumption, presumption, hypothesis
TORpid
(adj) inactive, sluggish, dull
torpid
syn: sluggish, lethargic, otiose, languid
torpid
ant: energetic, dynamic, vigorous