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30 terms

Slavery in Texas

STUDY
PLAY
three classes of slaves
1. field hands
2. domestics
3. artisans
field hands
80% of slaves, 1/3 of population
domestics
ex. butler, maid, coachman, nanny, streamstress
artisans
speacialities: bricklayers, carpenter, blacksmiths
field hands
picked cotton, corn, or sugarcane
domestics
lived in "Big House"
artisans
loaned to other plantations
field hands
worked 6 days a week; 12-14 hours a day
average: 300 pounds of cotton a day
domestics
considered "Upper Class"
living conditions
1-2 room "shanties"
log cabins for several families
clothes
about 2 outfits per year
(about $10.00 per slave
disease/medical
owner spent $1-$8 per year
disease/medical
malnutrition, cold, smallpox, pheumonia
disease/medical
field hand> heat stroke
disease/medical
domestic> overwork;exhaustion, stress
urban slaves
city slaves
urban slaves
worked for bussiness owners:
> blacksmiths, bricklayers, cook, maid
urban slaves
some freedom around town
slave codes
could not possess liqour or weapons
slave codes
could not assemble
slave codes
could not travel without pass
discipline
common to whip (dog attack, burning)
discipline
goal: leave life long scars
harsh for running away
300 lashes
muder a white
hang
education
95% illiterate
religion
owners stress humility and obedience
the slavery dispute
kansas - nebreska act
the slavery dispute
john brown> harpers ferry
the slavery dispute
1860 election- lincoln (a repubilican) was elected