A French term and originates in the theater. It means, literally, "put in the scene." For film, it has a broader meaning, and refers to almost everything that goes into the composition of the shot, including the composition itself: framing, movement of the camera and characters, lighting, set design, and general visual environment, even sound as it helps elaborate the composition. Mis-en-scene can be defined as the articulation of cinematic space, and it is precisely space that it is about. Cutting is about time; the shot is about what occurs in a defined area of space, bordered by the frame of the movie screen and determined by what the camera has been made to record. Smooth camera movement, with the action (alongside, above, beneath, behind, or ahead of it), when the camera is mounted on a set of tracks, a dolly, a crane, or an aerial device, such as an airplane, helicopter, or balloon.