Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account


An early form of corn grown by Native Americans


Ancient civilization (1200-1521AD) that was located in what is present-day Mexico City


Ancient civilization (1200-1500AD) that was located in the Andes in Peru


a communal village built by Indians in the southwestern United States

mound builders

native american civilizations of the eastern region of north america that created distinctive earthen works that served as elaborate burial places

three sister farming

The cultivation of beans, corn, and squash together


part of the Iroquoian language group, and were located in the northwestern parts of the state - had little contact with early colonists - had several major conflicts with the colonists over land and trading practices


a group of tribes speaking related languages living in the eastern Great Lakes region.


an inhabitant of Scandinavia


The country where the Vikings come from. It is made up of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.

L'Anse aux Meadows

Site where Viking artifacts were found, indicating their presence around 1000 A.D.


an island in the north Atlantic


Scandinavian name for the land explored near present day Newfoundland


Christian warriors sent to regain the Holy Land (Jerusalem) from the Muslims that controlled


Important Italian trading port on the Adriatic


a seaport in northwestern Italy

Marco Polo

Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324)


A small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in the exploration of the Atlantic. (p. 427)

Bartholomeu Dias

Portuguese explorer who in 1488 was the first European to get round the Cape of Good Hope (thus establishing a sea route from the Atlantic to Asia) (1450-1500)

Vasco da Gama

Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route. (p. 428)

Ferdinand and Isabella

The king and queen of Spain who gave Columbus the funds that he needed to find a route to Asia.


Spanish Muslims

Treaty of Tordesillas

Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas.

Vasco Nunez Balboa

Spanish explorer who discovered the Pacific Ocean (1475-1519)

Ferdinand Magellan

Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain; first to circumnavigate the world

Juan Ponce de Leon

Spanish Explorer who discovered and named Florida while searching for the "Fountian of Youth"

Francisco Coronada

saw tons of new flora,first to see buffalo,first to see grand canyon(conquistador)

Hernado de Soto

claimed Mississippi for Spain was also a spanish explorer

Francisco Pizarro

Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)


A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it

Bartolome de Las Casas

Spaniard who fought for Native American rights.


a person of mixed Spanish and Native American heritage


The Muslim kingdom that Spain later conquested. In 1502, the Muslims were forced to convert to Christianity or be expelled or killed.


The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.

Hernan Cortes

Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)


Aztec capital


Chief of the Aztec who could not resist Cortez

John Cabot

Italian explorer who led the English expedition in 1497 that discovered the mainland of North America and explored the coast from Nova Scotia to Newfoundland (ca. 1450-1498)

Giovanni da Verazano

An Italian explorer of North America, in the service of the French crown. He is renowned as the first European to explore the Atlantic coast of North America between South and North Carolina and Newfoundland

Jacques Cartier

French explorer who explored the St. Lawrence river and laid claim to the region for France (1491-1557)

St. Augustine

First spanish settlement. Florida 1565

New Mexico

most prosperous and populous of the Spanish outposts, largest European settlement west of the Mississippi and north of Mexico

Pope's Rebellion

New Mexican uprising which destroyed every Catholic church, killed priests and Spanish settlers

Mission Indians

Natives of California who were taught horticulture and arts and crafts by the Spanish missionaries; converted to Christianity and abandoned their culture

Black Legend

Belief that the Spanish only killed, tortured, and stole in the Americas while doing nothing good

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording