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45 terms

AP US History -American Pageant Ch. 1

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maize
An early form of corn grown by Native Americans
aztecs
Ancient civilization (1200-1521AD) that was located in what is present-day Mexico City
incas
Ancient civilization (1200-1500AD) that was located in the Andes in Peru
pueblo
a communal village built by Indians in the southwestern United States
mound builders
native american civilizations of the eastern region of north america that created distinctive earthen works that served as elaborate burial places
three sister farming
The cultivation of beans, corn, and squash together
cherokee
part of the Iroquoian language group, and were located in the northwestern parts of the state - had little contact with early colonists - had several major conflicts with the colonists over land and trading practices
iroquois
a group of tribes speaking related languages living in the eastern Great Lakes region.
norse
an inhabitant of Scandinavia
Scandinavia
The country where the Vikings come from. It is made up of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.
L'Anse aux Meadows
Site where Viking artifacts were found, indicating their presence around 1000 A.D.
Newfoundland
an island in the north Atlantic
Vinland
Scandinavian name for the land explored near present day Newfoundland
Crusaders
Christian warriors sent to regain the Holy Land (Jerusalem) from the Muslims that controlled
Venice
Important Italian trading port on the Adriatic
Genoa
a seaport in northwestern Italy
Marco Polo
Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324)
Caravel
A small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in the exploration of the Atlantic. (p. 427)
Bartholomeu Dias
Portuguese explorer who in 1488 was the first European to get round the Cape of Good Hope (thus establishing a sea route from the Atlantic to Asia) (1450-1500)
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route. (p. 428)
Ferdinand and Isabella
The king and queen of Spain who gave Columbus the funds that he needed to find a route to Asia.
Moors
Spanish Muslims
Treaty of Tordesillas
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas.
Vasco Nunez Balboa
Spanish explorer who discovered the Pacific Ocean (1475-1519)
Ferdinand Magellan
Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain; first to circumnavigate the world
Juan Ponce de Leon
Spanish Explorer who discovered and named Florida while searching for the "Fountian of Youth"
Francisco Coronada
saw tons of new flora,first to see buffalo,first to see grand canyon(conquistador)
Hernado de Soto
claimed Mississippi for Spain was also a spanish explorer
Francisco Pizarro
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
Encomienda
A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it
Bartolome de Las Casas
Spaniard who fought for Native American rights.
Mesitzos
a person of mixed Spanish and Native American heritage
Granada
The Muslim kingdom that Spain later conquested. In 1502, the Muslims were forced to convert to Christianity or be expelled or killed.
Reconquista
The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.
Hernan Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
Tenochtitlan
Aztec capital
Montezuma
Chief of the Aztec who could not resist Cortez
John Cabot
Italian explorer who led the English expedition in 1497 that discovered the mainland of North America and explored the coast from Nova Scotia to Newfoundland (ca. 1450-1498)
Giovanni da Verazano
An Italian explorer of North America, in the service of the French crown. He is renowned as the first European to explore the Atlantic coast of North America between South and North Carolina and Newfoundland
Jacques Cartier
French explorer who explored the St. Lawrence river and laid claim to the region for France (1491-1557)
St. Augustine
First spanish settlement. Florida 1565
New Mexico
most prosperous and populous of the Spanish outposts, largest European settlement west of the Mississippi and north of Mexico
Pope's Rebellion
New Mexican uprising which destroyed every Catholic church, killed priests and Spanish settlers
Mission Indians
Natives of California who were taught horticulture and arts and crafts by the Spanish missionaries; converted to Christianity and abandoned their culture
Black Legend
Belief that the Spanish only killed, tortured, and stole in the Americas while doing nothing good