68 terms

amstud english midterm

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Franklin's poor almanac
Richard
what jefferson believes corrupts
wealth
what natives do not do
interrupt
what we call them because their manners are different
savages
what jefferson believes slaves lack
imagination
where jefferson flourished
williamsburg
what the signers of the declaration would face if america loses
death
what washington did for his slaves
emancipate
what jefferson believes to be a natural order among men
aristocracy
what natives are
polite
what slavery became in america
institution
not easily conquered
tyranny
how slavery began
independence
what defines an official aristocracy
birth
ultimate cause of the revolution according to jefferson
king
require less sleep according to jefferson
slaves
what one becomes when he goes to bed early
wise
how jefferson felt about the changes to the declaration of independence
unhappy
franklins first essay signed by
silence do good
vengeance
(noun) punishment inflicted in retaliation for injury/ offense
propriety
(noun) true nature, a special characteristic, the state of being proper, appropriateness
maraud
(verb) to roam about and raid in search of plunder
trepidation
(noun) a nervous or fearful feeling
heathen
(noun) an uncivilized or irreligious person
rankle(d)
(verb) to cause anger, irritation, or bitterness, to feel anger and irritation
lecherous
(adjective) given to excessive indulgence in sexual activity
inculcate
(verb) teach and impress by frequent repetitions or admonitions (reprimanding)
perpetuation
(noun) the act of continuing or prolonging something
abomination
(noun) an action that is vicious or vile, extreme disgust or hatred
defile(d)
(verb) to spot, stain, or pollute, to make unclean or impure
lascivious
(adjective) evil, wicked, lustful, feeling or revealing an overt and often offensive sexual desire
exalt(ed)
(verb) toraise in rank, power, character or dignity
arbitrate
(verb) to judge a dispute between two opposing parties, to reach an authoritative judgment or settlement
prodigious
(adjective) of momentous or ominous significance, remarkably or impressively great in extent, size, or degree
calumny
(noun) an abusive or malicious attack on a person's character or good name, a misrepresentation intended to harm another's reputation
malevolence
(noun) vicious behavior, having or showing a wish to do evil to others
fetish
(noun) excessive or irrational devotion to some activity, a charm superstitiously believed to embody magical powers
ameliorate
(verb) to make better or more tolerable
indignant
(adjective) feeling of showing anger at something unjust or wrong
John Winthrop was governor of
Massachusetts Bay colony
On what date and on what topic did John Winthrop give a speech before the court?
july 3, 1645 on liberty
Winthrop's two fold liberty
natural and civil
civil liberty can be divided into
moral law: contract between man and god. civil law: contract between man and man.
What did Winthrop write while aboard the Arabella in 1630?
A model of christian charity
Who was another passenger on the Arabella?
Anne Bradstreet
Anne Bradstreet was good friend of ________ and this suggests she was a _________
Anne Hutchinson, feminist
Who epitomized the spirit of determination and self-sacrifice of the early Puritans?
William Bradford
According to Winthrop, natural liberty is inconsistent with ________
law and authority
According to Winthrop, natural liberty makes men grow more ________
evil
Winthrop's view on women
hypocritical, property of husband, evil, wanton
Bradford found comfort in the teachings of ______
Richard Clyfton
Separatist group Bradford become part of
Scroobies
What year did Bradford come to America?
1620
Anne Bradstreet's first collection of poetry was published by_______. When?
her brother-in-law, 1650
Anne Bradstreet's first collection of poetry was titled ______
The Tenth Muse
Anne Bradstreet writes of her love for her ______________
husband ("To My Dear and Loving Husband")
Which poem shows Anne Bradstreet's unhappiness over the surprise publication?
The Author to Her Book
Thomas Harriot
wrote "A briefe and true report of the New Found Land of Virginia" , scientist, observed native cultures
John Smith
speaks in 3rd person, leader in jamestown, said natives were savage
John Locke
believed men are not determined at birth but they are molded by their environment, English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
Thomas Hobbes
English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings
Who was the first female american poet?
Anne Bradstreet
William Bradford was
DETERMINED, governor of Plymouth colony
The Black Robe
Quebec 1634, Natives are intimidated by language, god is present in nature (church-forest)
What group of Natives did Bradford find at Plymouth?
Nauset
Captivity Narratives
captives mostly women, europeans have a tradition of enslaving, either adopted them into tribe, killed them, or traded them
Mary Rowlandson
frontier wife in MA (1670s); captured by indians and ransomed after 12 weeks, , Mary Rowlandson was captured in 1675 during King Philip's War. She wrote a book about her experiences called "A Narrative on the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson"
Mary Jemison
1824 - captured by Seneca and CHOSE TO REMAIN WITH THEM. First European understanding from the inside of captive ritual adoption. Early documentation