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learning involves

permanent change in behavior due to experience

most crucial ingredient in learning


sound of clicker to dog signals arrival of food

classical condition

chimp one opens box and is rewarded with food, chimp 2 watches then repeats. this illustrates

observational learning

change in ur behavior due to punishment

operant conditioning

john watson considered himself a


after getting lots of shots, smell of rubbing alcohol trigger fear because of

classical conditioning

the dogs salivation triggered by the taste of food is the

unconditioned response

in the salivary conditioning of dogs, the unconditioned stimulus was

the presentation of food

the order in classical conditioning goes


in classical conditioning the_____ signals the impending occurrence of the ____.

conditioned stimulus, unconditioned stimulus

dogs learning to drool at one particular sound


animals most readily learn the specific association that promote


children learn a fear of spiders more than a fear of flowers because of

biological predispositions

voluntary behaviors that produce rewarding or punishing consequences

operant behaviors

bf skinner elaborated what e.l. thorndike called

the law of effect

the psychologist most closely associated with the study of operant conditioning was

b.f. skinner

the skinner box was

chamber containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a reward

positive reinforces ____ the rate of operant responding; negative reinforces _____the rate of operant responding

increase, increase

picking up baby when crys. now baby is a cry baby, picking up the baby served as a ____ for crying

positive reinforcer

mason runs 2 miles everyday because it reduces his level of stress. this habit is maintained by

negative reinforcer

money is to food as ___is to ____

secondary reinforcer is to primary reinforcer

fixed ratio

specified number of responses have been made

random people win radio each day

variable interval

nikki learned to expect the sound of thunder whenever she sees a flash of lighting.

cognitive process

event that increases the frequency of the behavior that it follows is

a reinforcer

any stimulus that when removed after a response, strengthens that response is

a negative reinforcer

desire to engage in activity for the sake of its own enjoyment involves

intrinsic motivation

according to bf skinner, human behavior is controlled primary by

external influences

skinner is to shaping as bandura is to


learned association between a response and a stimuli

operant conditioning

learned association btw two stimuli

classical conditioning

desire to preform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishments involves

extrinsic motivation

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