33 terms

unit 6 ap psych

learning involves
permanent change in behavior due to experience
most crucial ingredient in learning
sound of clicker to dog signals arrival of food
classical condition
chimp one opens box and is rewarded with food, chimp 2 watches then repeats. this illustrates
observational learning
change in ur behavior due to punishment
operant conditioning
john watson considered himself a
after getting lots of shots, smell of rubbing alcohol trigger fear because of
classical conditioning
the dogs salivation triggered by the taste of food is the
unconditioned response
in the salivary conditioning of dogs, the unconditioned stimulus was
the presentation of food
the order in classical conditioning goes
in classical conditioning the_____ signals the impending occurrence of the ____.
conditioned stimulus, unconditioned stimulus
dogs learning to drool at one particular sound
animals most readily learn the specific association that promote
children learn a fear of spiders more than a fear of flowers because of
biological predispositions
voluntary behaviors that produce rewarding or punishing consequences
operant behaviors
bf skinner elaborated what e.l. thorndike called
the law of effect
the psychologist most closely associated with the study of operant conditioning was
b.f. skinner
the skinner box was
chamber containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a reward
positive reinforces ____ the rate of operant responding; negative reinforces _____the rate of operant responding
increase, increase
picking up baby when crys. now baby is a cry baby, picking up the baby served as a ____ for crying
positive reinforcer
mason runs 2 miles everyday because it reduces his level of stress. this habit is maintained by
negative reinforcer
money is to food as ___is to ____
secondary reinforcer is to primary reinforcer
fixed ratio
specified number of responses have been made
random people win radio each day
variable interval
nikki learned to expect the sound of thunder whenever she sees a flash of lighting.
cognitive process
event that increases the frequency of the behavior that it follows is
a reinforcer
any stimulus that when removed after a response, strengthens that response is
a negative reinforcer
desire to engage in activity for the sake of its own enjoyment involves
intrinsic motivation
according to bf skinner, human behavior is controlled primary by
external influences
skinner is to shaping as bandura is to
learned association between a response and a stimuli
operant conditioning
learned association btw two stimuli
classical conditioning
desire to preform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishments involves
extrinsic motivation