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63 terms

AAP Unit01 Lecture02

Lecture 02 with Terri H
STUDY
PLAY
G double
Gene base pair C bonds with ?? and contains ?? bonds
T triple
Gene base pair A bonds with ?? and contains ?? bonds
proteins
Enzymes are ?? (lipids/proteins)
46
How many chromosomes at label (Meiosis01) A?
46
How many chromosomes at label (Meiosis01) B?
23
How many chromosomes at label (Meiosis01) C?
23
How many chromosomes at label (Meiosis01) D?
23
How many chromosomes at label (Meiosis01) E?
23
How many chromosomes at label (Meiosis01) F?
4
Spermatogenesis results in ?? functional sperm cells
1
Oogenesis results in ?? functional egg cell
ova
Largest single cell in the human body
seminiferous tubules
Where does spermatogenesis occur?
meiosis
Process which creates spermatids from spermatocytes
mitochondria
The midpiece of sperm is made of ?? wrapped around the shaft
spermiogenesis
Maturation of spermatids to sperm is called ??
in utero
Oogenesis begins ?? ??
metaphase I
Oocytes stall at what stage in the ovaries in utero
secondary
One ?? oocyte gets ovulated from the ovary
meiosis II
?? ?? only occurs when a sperm breaks through the zona pellucida
polar body
Remaining 3 oocytes that were not developed in the oocyte maturation process are called ?? ??
fertilization
Term for when the pronuclei comes together
zygote
After the oocyte is fertilized it is called a ??
14
Ovulation occurs ?? days before the end of the menstrual cycle
acrosin
Hard shell covering the head of sperm
corona radiata
About 3000 diploid cells that surround the egg
hyaluronidase
Enzyme that is contained in the acrosin to destroy corona radiata cells
hemorrhagicum
Corpus ?? is a blood clot that fills the follicle pit after ovulation
luteum
Corpus ?? replace the CH and produces hormones
albicans
Corpus ?? is a white scar left when the corpus luteum cells die
follicle
Any ova that has a nucleus depicted in the ovaries
follicle stimulating hormone
?? ?? ?? stimulate the ovarian follicle production and estrogen release
luteinizing hormone
stimulates follicle production, estrogen release in the fallopian tube and progesterone release
lutiel surge
Name given to large spike in LH causing ovulation
adrenal glands
Testosterone is made in females in the ?? ??
androsterone
Hormone synthesized in the liver and is quite similar to testosterone
cholesterol
ALL steroids are created from ??
estrogens
Female hormones are collectively called ??
androgens
Male hormones are collectively called ??
child birth
Estrogen is the highest ever in a woman just before ?? ??
prepares prevents
Progesterone ?? for and maintains pregnancy and ?? uterine contractions
progesterone
Sudden drop in this hormone during pregnancy often results in miscarriage
luteinizing hormone
What hormone is label (Menstrual01) A?
estrogen
What hormone is label (Menstrual01) B?
progesterone
What hormone is label (Menstrual01) C?
low
Menstrual cycle: days 1-7: all hormones are ?? having blood and tissue discharged from uterus
do not
Females ?? ?? have a refractory period after orgasm
increase follicle
Menstrual cycle: days 7-14: estrogen levels ?? and ?? and uterine lining develop
LH surge decline
Menstrual cycle: day 14: ?? ?? occurs causing ovulation and estrogen is in ??
LH
Menstrual cycle: day 14-21: ?? declines, estrogen and progesterone increase
decline
Menstrual cycle: day 21-28: all hormones ??
PMS
Another name for last week of menstrual cycle (three letters)
sensitivity
Female genitalia become engorged with blood during arousal to increase ??
oxytocin
Muscle contractions during both male and female orgasm is caused by increase in this hormone
is not
Orgasm ?? (is/is not) essential for conception in a female
point and shoot
Memory vehicle to remember that the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) is first followed by the sympathetic nervous system for male arousal
nitric oxide
PNS causes release of ?? ?? causing the erectile tissue in the penis to fill with blood during male arousal
corpora cavernosa
?? ?? is primarily responsible for male erection during intercourse
corpus spongiosum
?? ?? primarily keeps the ureter open during ejaculation
impotence
Term for inability to attain an erection
high cholesterol
Most common cause of erectile dysfunction
infundibulum
Most fertilization occurs in this portion of the fallopian tube
3 6
Blastocyst implants in the uterus ? to ? days after fertilization