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Terms in this set (14)
A form of research misconduct in which a researcher invents data that fit the hypothesis.
A form of research misconduct in which a researcher influences a study's results, perhaps by deleting observations from a data set or by influencing participants to act in the hypothesized way.
To inform participants afterward about a study's true nature, details, and hypotheses.
The withholding of some details of a study from participants (deception through omission) or the act of actively lying to them (deception through commission).
The right of research participants to learn about a research project, know its risks and benefits, and decide whether to participate.
institutional review board (IRB)
A committee responsible for ensuring that research using human participants is conducted ethically.
Representing the ideas or words of others as one's own; a form of research misconduct.
principle of beneficence
An ethical principle from the Belmont Report stating that researchers must take precautions to protect participants from harm and to promote their well-being. See also principle of justice, principle of respect for persons.
principle of justice
An ethical principle from the Belmont Report calling for a fair balance between the kinds of people who participate in research and the kinds of people who benefit from it. See also principle of beneficence, principle of respect for persons.
principle of respect for persons
An ethical principle from the Belmont Report stating that research participants should be treated as autonomous agents and that certain groups deserve special protection. See also principle of beneficence, principle of justice.
Dr. Kim is researching treatments for childhood cancer. There is some risk that patients who undergo Dr. Kim's new therapy may be harmed by the procedure. However, based upon preliminary lab testing, the patients might benefit substantially from his treatment. If you were on the IRB evaluating Dr. Kim's research proposal to test his new treatment, what would make you more likely to approve the proposal?
you decide that the potential benefits of the study outweigh the potential risks
The Principle of Respect for Persons
Informed consent requires that participants agree to participate after being told about the study and its risks and benefits.
The Principle of Justice
requires a fair balance between people who participate in research and the people who benefit from it.
Plagiarism (Standard 8.11)
Plagiarism is a form of stealing and occurs when a person takes credit for another person's intellectual property.
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