Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (11)
Traction is can be performed either in prone or supine. however it is most often performed in supine. ----- spinal stenosis is treated in sup. Disk protrusion is treated in prone..
static traction refers to consistent forces being applied throughout the treatment good for pt that are slightly exaggerated by movement. ----- intermittent traction refers to a varying force applied throughout treatment good for joint mob.
during lumbar traction, a force of 25% of the body weight is necessary to overcome the force of friction.--- the use of a split table eliminates the majority of friction. --- a max of 30lbs shld b used for initial session.
lumbar: a force of 25% of the total body weight is used to stretch soft tissues, muscle spams, or disk protrusion
For separation of the vertebrae a force of 50% of the body weight is needed. Tx x is varies from 5-30min--for disk related issues Tx x is generally 10 min or less.
mechanical cervical traction is performed with pt either in supine or sitting. --- the amount of flexion in the cervical spine allows therapist to target specific spinal levels: upper cervical= 0-5 degrees --- midcervical= 10-20 degrees -- lower cervical= 25-30 degrees of flx.
the head halter should be applied so the majority of the traction pull is placed on the occiput and NOT on the chin to protect the TMJs --- a force of up to 10lbs should be used initially for cervical tract. session. --- a force of 7-10 % of the total body weight (11-15lbs) may be used to stretch soft tissues, muscle spasms, or disk protrusion..
a force of 13-20% of the body weight (20-30lbs) should be used for joint distraction during cervical tract. --- traction force applied to the cervical should NOT exceed 30lbs. Tx x varies between 5-30min. -- for disk related issues Tx x is generally 10 min or less.
the therapist should assess the pt initial response to traction (lumbar/cervical) within the initial 5 min of Tx. if symptoms worsen, the traction should be temporarily discontinued.
Compression works to keep venous and lymphatic flow from pooling in the venous system and interstitial space. --- compression bandages and garments are examples of static compression.
compression garment offering 20-30 mm Hg pressure are used to for scar tissue control while 30-40 mm Hg pressure are used for edema control.
Intermittent pneumatic compression pump pressure generally ranges from 30-80mm Hg. --- Pressure should NOT exceed diastolic pressure. --- UE treatment usually requires between 30-60 mm Hg pressure. --- LE 40-80 mm Hg pressure. Tx x varies from 30min to 4hrs, 3-4 time per week.
the primary indication for CPM is to improve ROM that may have been impaired secondary to a surgical procedure. -- the knee is the most commonly treated. -- a rate of two cycle per min typically allows patients to tolerate the CPM without difficulty.
Electrotherapy: current is measured in amperes --- Voltage is measured in volts --- Resistance is measured in ohms --- current density is influenced by the size electrodes and the distance they are apart.
when the same size electrodes are used, the current density is the same under each. -- when unequal size are used, the current density will be more concentrated in the smaller electrode. -- current density is the concentration of current within the tissues
If electrodes are in are in close proximity, the current is more dense in the superficial tissues. ---- if they are relatively farther apart, the current is more dense in the deeper tissues.
small electrodes = > current density, > impedance, < current flow. --- large electrodes = < current density, < impedance, > current flow
Monopolar technique: the stimulating or active electrode is place over the target area (smaller one) and a second disperse electrode is placed at another site away from the target area. this technique is used for (Iontophoresis, wound, and edema).
Bipolar technique: two active or stimulating electrodes are placed over the target area usually of equal sizes. this is used for: muscle weakness, neuromuscular facilitation, spasms, and ROM
Nuromuscular Electrical Stimululation is a technique used to facilitate skeletal muscle activity.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) is used mainly for pain relief through the gate theory of pain
Conventiona Tens: sufficient for a sensory response
Accupuncture-like Tens: sufficient to produce ms twitch
Brief intense Tens: sufficient for strong paresthesia or motor response.
Noxious Tens: Highest tolerated stimulus
Interferential current is most often used for pain relief, increased circulation, and muscle stimulation. ---
Sets with similar terms
Electrical Stimulation Principles
Methods Test 2 (kahoot questions)
HHP375 Test 3
Other sets by this creator
KISA LABIB KAPAB ANSEYE NOU
BIBLE VERSES TO TO REMEMBER
Bible Verses For Great Tribulation