Chapter 7 History
Terms in this set (20)
What were the two main immigrant processing centers in America?
Ellis Island and Angel Island
What was the Chinese Exclusion Act? What was its purpose?
The chinese exclusion act banned entry to the U.S. for all chinese except for students, teachers, tourists, and govt. officials. Lasted until 1943 when it was finally repealed. Only immigration law in U.S. history armed at a specific group of people.
Describe the Americanization movement.
This movement was designed to assimilate people of wide ranging cultures into the dominant culture. This was meant to make immigrants more "American"
What were settlement houses?
Established by reformers in the late 1800s, they were located in poor, immigrant neighborhoods and served as community centers and provided educational, cultural and social services. First settlement house was started by Jane Addams-Hull House in Chicago in 1889.
What Act required applicants for government service jobs to pass an examination?
What was the spoils system (patronage)?
Giving govt. jobs to people who helped a candidate get elected. Jobs were based solely on political connections
What was Tammany Hall and what did they do?
New York City's powerful Democratic Political machine- run by William "Boss" Tweed. Used corrupt political practices to stay in power. They controlled local govts. and ran the city.
What was graft?
The illegal use of political influence for personal gain. Kickbacks were most common
What agreement decreased Japanese immigration to the US?
The Gentleman's Agreement (1907-1908)
What was a tenement?
Multi-family urban dwellings located in the city center. They were occupied by immigrants and were typically over crowded and unsanitary
How did immigrants adjust to a new life in America? What helped them?
immigrants often sought out people who shared their cultural values, practiced their religion, and spoke their native language. They formed communities within the cities and they pooled resources to help one another.
Who was William M. Tweed?
Ran New York's Tammany Hall. known as boss tweed. Became the most notorious political machine leader
What was the Workingman's Party?
started by Denis Kearney, this group headed the anti-chinese movement in california and ultimately pushed for the chinese exclusion act
Saying a project cost more than it did and pocketing the rest is an example of what?
Where did East Coast immigrants gain their admission?
Ellis Island. Angel Island
response to the growth of immigration that showed favoritism toward native-born Americans.
How did political machines operate? Who did Political machines gain some of their power from by performing favors for them?
political machines offered services to voters and businesses in exchange for political or financial support. they gained control of local govt. in cities such as NYC, chicago, baltimore, and san francisco. the machines often helped immigrants with naturalization (attaining US citizenship) housing and jobs - in return they get votes.
Who led Tammany Hall in defrauding New York City when building the courthouse? How did they get caught?
Boss Tweed. They were caught when documents were leaked to the NY Times and political cartoons were also published about them
1840-1890 saw many immigrants arrive in America from which part of Europe? (By 1890, of all immigrants were from this region...)
Southern and Eastern Europe
Urbanization is a term used to describe the growth of what?