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27 terms

into and history of forensic science

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forensic science
the application of science to law
branches of science used in forensics
chemistry, biology, physics, and geology
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
published the first Sherlock Holmes novel, "Study in Scarlet" in 1887
Orfila
father of forensic toxicology
Bertillion
father of criminal identification
anthropometry
a systematic procedure of taking a series of body measurements as a means of distinguishing one from another
Galton
undertook the first definitive study of finger prints and developed a methodology of classifying them for filing
Lattes
devised a procedure for determining the blood group of a dried bloodstain. blood groups or types are now recognized as A, B, AB, and O
Godard
refined the technique of firearms examination by utilizing the comparison microscope
Osborn
fundamental principles of document examination
Gross
wrote the first thesis describing the application of scientific disciplines to the field of criminal investigation
Locard
became the founder and director of the Institute of Criminalistics at the University of Lyons which became the leading international center for study and research in forensic science
Locard's Exchange Principle
Locard believed that when a criminal came in contact with an object or person, cross-transfer of evidence occurred
Federal Bureau of Investigation
in 1932, the FBI under direction of J. Edgar Hoover, organized a national laboratory
Los Angeles Police Department
houses the oldest forensic laboratory in the U.S
1992
when the Innocence Project was created
Barry Scheck and Peter Neufeild
who created the Innocence Project
289 exonerations
how many exonerations?
17
how many on death row?
12
# of exonerations in Louisiana
witness misidentification
what is the #1 cause of the conviction of innocent people?
CODIS
Combined DNA Index System
25,000 a year
compensation in Louisiana?
250,000
compensation cap in Louisiana?
no
do all states compensate the wrongfully convicted person?
Texas 44
which state has the most exonerations? and how many?
39 cases
how many cases has the actual perp been found?