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Which of the following was not a factor that stimulated English migration to the New World?
government laws that forced the migration of the poorer classes
Unlike Virginia, Maryland was established
as a religious sanctuary for persecuted Catholics from England
The major difference in the founding of the colony of Georgia was
an act of aggression and defense from the Spanish
Anne Hutchinson's skillful self-defense at her trial before the Bay's magistrates was ruined by
her claim of personal revelation
Penn published brochures to market aggressively his new colony. All of the following were countries in which the brochures were published except
Puritans viewed which of the following as essential to their New England commonwealth?
a healthy family life
The most important difference between the New England and Chesapeake colonies was
the Chesapeake's much higher mortality rate
In 1647, the Massachusetts legislature ordered all townships with fifteen or more families to ------ and support with local taxes.
open an elementary school
When historians refer to the "feminization of colonial religion," they are referring to
women joining the church at a ration greater than two-to-one
Daily lives of New England residents revolved around all of the following except
Of the estimated 11 million African slaves carried to America, the great majority were sent to
Brazil and the Caribbean
What percent of the eighteenth century population f the lowlands of South Carolina was of African origin?
During the Salem witchcraft hysteria, Increase Mather and other leading Congregational ministers
urged restraint and caution
The population of the late colonial era was characterized as fairly young. It is estimated that one half of the population was under the age of
What was responsible for most of the growth in the American colonies between 1700 and 1770?
natural reproduction of colonial families
Which of the following was not a consequence of the Seven Years' War?
It revealed British discontent with America's contribution to its own defense.
Which of the following was between England and France had the greatest political and economic impact on colonial America?
the Seven Years' War
What did the Great Awakening, intercolonial trade, and the rise of colonial assemblies have in common?
They all contributed to a growing sense of shared identity among the colonists.
American colonists, in the years just after the conclusion of the Seven Years' War, could be characterized best as
optimistic about the future
Although it is impossible to know exactly how many people fled America because they felt a loyalty to the British crown, all of the following are true except
they were all upper class wealthy merchants
The picture is of a painting of the conditions of a British prison ship. Based on this picture, the conditions could best be described as
The tensions leading to the Boston Massacre were caused by
the presence of several thousand British soldiers in Boston
The pamphlet, ------, presented justification to Americans for their break with Great Britain.
the radical American group which first emerged during the Stamp Act crisis was known as
the Sons of Liberty
The ------- proposed a new form for government that was acceptable to the smaller states.
New Jersey Plan
Compared with the revolutions in France, Russia, and China, the American Revolution could be characterized as
more tame and less wrenching
An important procedural decision approved at the opening of the Constitutional Convention involved
the decision to keep deliberation as secret as possible
Which of the following was not a criticism of American government under the Articles of Confederation?
It gave too much power to a central government.
The most obvious contradiction to the principles expressed in the founding of the American republic was
the continued existence of slavery in much of the nation.
A major fear of the Antifederalists was that
the average voter was not educated enough to make good decisions.
How many states did not have to draft new constitutions, since they already had republican governments as part of their colonial charters?
Which of the following individuals is incorrectly matched with his position in George Washington's first Cabinet?
James Madison: Secretary of Commerce
which of the following would Alexander Hamilton have proposed?
providing government subsidies to manufacturers
The Genet affair involved
France's use of American ships in violation of U.S. pledges of neutrality.
The emergence of political parties in the 1790's
had both good and bad consequences for the nation at the time.
Washington's Farewell Address
advised against permanent alliances with nations that were not interested in promoting American security.
As a result of the actions taken by John Adams while president,
the United States had harmony with France.
Thomas Jefferson's attitude toward Native Americans showed that he
respected them as people, but was not impressed by their culture.
What difficulty did Jefferson face in purchasing the Louisiana Territory?
the constitutionality of his actions
The decision in Marbury vs. Madison was the first time the Supreme Court
asserted its right to judge the constitutionality of congressional acts.
The great canal building boom of the 1820's and 1830's ended
when canals proved to be an unprofitable means of transportation.
The main diplomatic challenge facing James Monroe in 1820 was
responding to the revolt of Spain's Latin American colonies.
The development of profitable commercial farming resulted from
the availability of good land and the revolution in marketing.
John Quincy Adams was the handpicked selection for President by President Monroe. What office did he hold in the Monroe Administration?
Secretary of State
The ------- were the NAtive American tribe that attempted to assimilate into American society.
From Jackson's response to the nullification crisis, one can conclude that he
believed in the limited use of federal power but also that states were not truly sovereign.
Andrew Jackson's attitude toward Native Americans was that
they should be removed to areas beyond white expansion.
The most obvious indicator of the supremacy of democracy in the United States was
the development of universal manhood suffrage.
Southern proslavery arguments did not include the belief that slavery was
mandated by the United States Constitution.
Southern apologists claimed that the master-slave relationship was more humane that employer-worker relationships because
it afforded greater long-term security.
The approach viewed by many American religious leaders as the best way to extend religious values was called
The reform movement in New England began as
an effort to defend Calvinism against Enlightenment ideas
An important change in the American family in the nineteenth century was
the growing significance of mutual affection in marriage.
Which of the following individuals was not a prominent preacher of the Second Great Awakening?
Henry David Thoreau
In practice, working-class families viewed the new public school
as depriving them of needed wage earners.
Which of the following was not a characteristic of the Young America movement?
a weak foreign policy
The American population moved westward in the 1830's and 1840's for all of the following reasons except
loyalty to Mexico and Great Britain
The most plausible reason for the Texas Revolution was
the unwillingness of Anglo-Americans to accept Mexican rule.
Manifest Destiny was based, in part, on
the belief that God was on the side of American expansionism.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
provided the opportunity for additional expansion by the united States.
In -------, Herman Melville produced a novel, original in form and conception, to fulfill the demand of Young Americans for a new literature.
According to the principle of popular sovereignty,
the House of Representatives would determine whether a territory would have slavery.
In the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Stephen Douglas attempted to set up territorial government based on
Why did the Know-Nothings become popular?
They reflected the growing differences between the sections.
Individuals who opposed the expansion of slavery into the territories because the feared its effect on the labor system were know as
Which of the following does not apply to Lincoln's initial policy toward the Confederacy?
the deployment of troops along "border states" to demonstrate a Union resolve to fight
Which of the following was not a provision of the Confederate Constitution?
a strong central government
The chart labeled "Resources of the Union and the Confederacy, 1861" could suggest all of the following statements as true except
The was extremely industrialized due to the expansion of railroads.
Which one of the following was not a Northern advantage throughout the war?
familiar terrain and public support
Lincoln and Davis learned early in the war that
successful conduct of the war required active, executive leadership
Confederate leader were confident of British recognition, because
British textile mills were so dependent on southern cotton
At their state constitutional conventions, Southerners were required to do all of the following except
guarantee the political and civil rights of the freedmen
The small number of African American elected to sate or national office during Reconstruction demonstrated on the average
more integrity and competence then their white counterparts
The South's refusal to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment
forced the Republicans to abolish the existing Southern governments and give the vote to African Americans
The organization that symbolized most vividly "white backlash" of the Reconstruction era was
the Ku Klux Klan
Which of the following was, perhaps, the greatest Native American victory over the United States Army?
Custer's Last Stand
Which of the following was not part of the national government's policy toward Native Americans in the 1870's and 1880's?
assimilating Native Americans into urban life
Which of the following was not done by the Dawes Act?
It greatly increased the power of tribal chiefs.
The ------- was established to help provide isolated farmers with social and cultural activities.
The Homestead Act of 1862 failed because
the land allotments ere insufficient for farming arid land.
Which of the following statements describes the journey for most settlers westward?
All members of the journey had tasks to fulfill on the trail.
Which of the following individuals is incorrectly associated with the industry he helped found?
Henry Bessemer: railroads
Which of the following companies was not a retail store marketing its products around the country in the late nineteenth century?
As a result of the proliferation of patents in the late nineteenth century,
American life radically changed
Which of the following was not a consequence of the advent of advertising?
Most consumers felt threatened by the new industrial goods.
As a result of the Plessy v. Ferguson decision,
African American education was to be separate but equal to white education
Why were Americans fascinated by politics during the Gilded Age?
Most Americans saw it as a form of entertainment.
Which of the following was not part of the Republican Party's platform in the post-Civil War period?
decentralized government power
Which of the following was not a consequence of the Pullman strike?
The workers had their demands met.
Theodore Roosevelt resigned from his position as ----- to organize the Rough Riders.
assistant secretary of the navy
Frederick W. Taylor's management methods emphasized
the enforcement of work standards and cooperation
In the first decade of the twentieth century, the American FEderation of Labor
remained devoted to the interests of skilled craftsmen
During the Cleveland administration, which nation did the United States replace as the major power in Latin America?
Why did the United States increase its interest in Hawaii after the Civil War?
The economic and military value of the islands increased.
In their approached to the Cuban rebellion against Spain,
President Cleveland was generally neutral while President McKinley favored the insurgents.
In which of the following territories did the native inhabitants receive United States citizenship in 1900?
Henry Ford showed that enormous revenues should come from
small unit profit on a large volume of sales
Using your own knowledge and the following graph, between 1898 and 1903, the American economy saw
a wave of mergers and consolidators
Which of the following was not characteristic of progressivism?
It sought radical changes in American life.
The 1915 German sinking of the -------- cost 128 American lives and enraged the American public.
The -------- were fourteen Republican senators who steadfastly opposed every aspect of the League of Nations.
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