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Unit 2 study guide: Migration
Terms in this set (32)
area a person operates in throughout their daily movement
a large scale emigration by talented people
cyclical movements of people on a regular basis
dispersion of any people from their original homeland.
migration away from a place or country (location)
migration into a location
migrant has been compelled to move, especially by political or environmental factors
migrant has chosen to move, especially for economic improvement
a person with temporary permission to work in another country.
a migration within a country, usually is less disruptive
a migration from one country to another
changes in a society comparable to those in the demographic transition
constant flows of migrant (usually ethnic) from same origin to same destination
Combination of factors that predict a person's likelyhood to migrate based on factors like age, gender, and education.
All types of movement of people from 1 location to another
The difference in the number of migrants going into a country and the number of migrants leaving
Movements that involves temporary, recurrent relocation.
The reasons people leave a country or want to come to a country.
Most migrants move only a short distance. There is a process of absorption, whereby people immediately surrounding a rapidly growing town move into it and the gaps they leave are filled by migrants from more distant areas, and so on until the attractive force (pull factors) in spent
People who have been forced to migrate due to current conflict, violence, war, human rights issues or natural disasters.
A sum of money sent, especially by mail, in payment for goods or service as a gift.
Migration from a destination that occurs in stages or step.
Immigrants recruited for a fixed period to work in mines or plantation
seasonal movement of farmers and their life stock from highlands ton lowlands.
Moving from rural to city, city to suburb, back to rural areas, and back into the inner city.
Distinguish and give characteristics of: circulation and migration; forced and voluntary migration; immigrants and emigrants; push and pull factors
Circulation is repeated movement on a regular basis and migration is a permanent move to a location. Voluntary migration is when people migrate because they have chosen to move while forced migration is when people migrate because they are compelled to do so. Immigrants are coming into a place, emigrants are leaving a place. Push factors are reason people leave while pull factors are why people want to come.
Discuss the distribution of Ravenstein to the study of human movement.
Most migrants move a short distance and there is a process of absorption, where people immediately surround a rapidly growing town move into it and fill the gaps. There is also a process of dispersion which is the opposite of the one above. Each migration flow produces a compensating counter flow. Long distance migrants go to one of the great centers of commerce and industry. Natives of towns are less migratory than those from rural areas. Female are more migratory than males. Economic factors are the main cause of migration.
Describe specific examples of historic and contemporary forced migrations, explaining push and pull factors associated with each
1. The Atlantic Slave Trade: (1701-1810) Transport slave to the new world. Many demands for it during that time through the economics needs of farmers .
2. WW2: When Hitler began the Holocaust, forcing tons of Jews out of their home into different countries and concentration camps
Characterize a refugee and refugee population
A refugee is someone who has migrated away from their home in order to escape some power that threatens them. A refugee population is when a large group of refugees, fleeing from the same cause, create a community together.
Describe major historical migrations of the modern era and their effects
The major migrations would be of the the original immigrants (1830) from Britain, old immigrants (1860) from Germany and Ireland, the new immigrants (1920) from Greece, Italy, Poland, Slavic and the new generation (1980-1990) consist of latin american and southeastern Asian. They have transform America into what it is today, a multi-cultural country with many people speaking different languages.
Describe the migration history of the United States through the following: immigration history, immigration policy, historic and contemporary streams of migration
The two migration waves was around the early 1990s around WW1 and the second from 1940ish to 2001. The first was because the US allowed anyone to migrate mainly because it was in the middle of an industrial stage and need people to take the jobs. Due to WWI, Congress decided to stop the flow of migration by passing a law to let only 2% into the country. The second wave began close after the end of the first wave. Immigrants were from Carribean and many other country. The US government have taken extreme measure to stop the flow of illegal immigration from Mexico.
Explain how distance decay, intervening obstacles, and migration selectivity affect migration and circulation patterns.
Distance decay can effect migration mainly though the push pull factors. Distance decay is the idea that the further away an idea is, the less is known about it. A migrant would have a very hard time knowing of opportunities in countries far away from its own. There also many intervening obstacle between the source whether it is physical or political and economical that lessen or increase the push and pulls. Migration selectivity also is a push or a pull deciding the chances of a person being able to migrate and and being able to work with a repeated pattern on a regular basis
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