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34 terms

Music 6-10

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form
organization of musical elements in time; concerned principally with the structure and coherence of a musical work
repetition
verbatim restatement of something heard earlier in a work
contrast
substantial change in a work, usually in more than one element
variation
the compositional technique of applying changes to one or more elements of a musical work
binary form
two-part form in which both the first and the second parts are typically repeated
rounded binary form
two-part form in which the second part needs with a substantial or complete restatement of the first part
variation form (theme and variations)
form that typically begins with a theme, with the rest of the work being an intdeterminate number of variations based on the melody, harmony, and/or other musical elements of the theme
strophic form
vocal form in which different lyrics are sung to each repetition of the same melody
style
a consistent and comprehensive set of choices that define a body of music from a time, place, culture, or creative entity (a composer, performer, or group)
secular music
nonsacred music
vernacular
everyday language of a particular region
chanson
secular French song of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries
chant
monophonic liturgical music
organum
early polyphonic music with a simple secondary part added to a chant melody
tenor
basic melodic part in chant, in which each note was held far longer than usual
heterophony
musical texture in which two or more instruments simultaneously play different versions of the melody
guild
association of professionals with common interests or concerns
Divine Office
periods of daily prayer in monasteries, which occurred at regular intervals in the day, from sunrise to after sunset
plainchant (chant)
music used in both the Mass and the Divine Office
Gregorian chant
the most widely used chant in western Europe
syllabic
used to describe chant text setting having one note per syllable of text
neumatic
used to describe chant text setting that generally has two to four notes per syllable
melismatic
used to describe the most elaborate form of text setting, in which a single syllable may be sustained for many notes
antiphon
chant with prose text, sung before and sometimes after a psalm
drone
note continuously sounding throughout a piece or a large section of a piece
chivalry
code of behavior expected oft eh medieval noble class
courtly love
rigid medieval social protocol in which a man could think of having an adulterous relationship with a woman but could not consummate it
minstrel
multifaceted entertainer who, by the thirteenth century, was typically an instrumentalist usually attached to a court
troubadours
poet-musician who wrote and sang about courtly love
rondeau
multipart song with a recurrent refrain
mensural notation
notation developed into the mid-thirteenth century that, for the first time, indicated specific rhythmic relationship as well as pitch
estampie
dance for couples, popular in France and Italy from the twelfth through the fourteenth centuries
cantus firmus
preexisting melody that serves as the starting point for a polyphonic composition
ABA form
three-part form featuring an opening section, a contrasting middle section, and the repetition of the opening section