Terms in this set (49)

1) Wherever humans exist, language exists
2) There are no "primitive" languages - all languages are equally capable of expressing any idea in the universe
3) Languages evolve - all languages change through time
4) The relationships between the sounds and meanings of spoken languages and between the gestures and meanings of signed languages are for the most part arbitrary
5) All human languages utilize a finite set of discrete sounds that are combines to form meaningful elements or words, which themselves form an infinite set of possible sentences
6) All grammars contain rules for the formation of words and sentences of a similar kind
7) Every spoken language includes discrete sound segments like p, n, or a which can be defined by a finite set of sound properties or features
8) Similar grammatical categories are found in all languages
9) There are semantic universals, such as "male" or "female", "animate" or "human" found in every language of the world
10) Every language has a way of referring to past time, negating, forming questions, issuing commands, and so on
11) Speakers of all languages are capable of producing and comprehending an infinite set of sentences. Syntactic universals reveal that every language has a way of forming sentences
12) Any normal child, born anywhere in the world, of any racial, geographical, social, or economic heritage, is capable of learning any language to which she or her is exposed. The differences we find among languages cannot be due to biological reasons