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45 terms

9th Grade English Honors Exam- Literature Vocabulary

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Characterization
is the act of creating and developing a character
Direct Characterization
author directly states a character's traits
Indirect Characterization
author tells what a character looks like, does, and says, as well as how other characters react to him/her
Protagonist
main character in a literary work
Antagonist
is a character or force in conflict with a main character
Climax
is the high point of interest or suspense.
Figurative Language
of the nature of or involving a figure of speech, not literal
Flashbacks
a device in a literary work by which an event or scene taking place before the present time in the narrative is inserted into the chronological structure of the work
Foreshadowing
is the use in a literary work of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur
Imagery
the formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things, or of such images collectively
Inference
the process of deriving the strict logical consequences of assumed premises
Irony
the use of words to convey a meaning that is opposite of its literal
Irony of the Situation
a situation in which there is an incongruity between appearance and reality, or between expectation and fulfillment, or between the actual situation and what would seem appropriate
Verbal Irony
is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or situation in which there is an incongruity or discordance that goes beyond the simple and evident meany of words or actions
Dramatic Irony
irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience or reader but not by the characters
Mood
feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
Paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
First Person Narration
character in story tells story
Third Person Limited
narrative mode in which the reader experiences the story through the senses and thoughts of just one character.
Third Person Objective
narrator is an outsider who can report only when he/she sees and hears. This narrator can tell us what is happening but he/she can't tell us the thoughts of the characters.
Third Person Omniscient
narrative mode in which both the reader and author observe the situation either through the senses and thoughts of more than one character, or through an overarching godlike perspective that sees and knows everything that happens and what the characters think.
Plot
sequence of events in a literary work.
Exposition
writing or speech that explains a process or presents information. Introduces the characters, the setting, and the basic situation.
Rising Action
all the events leading up to the climax
Anticlimax
like a climax, it is a turning point in a story. It is the point at which you learn the story will not turn out the way you had expected
Falling Action
comes after the climax and leads to the resolution
Resolution
a general insight or change is conveyed
Point of View
the writers choice of narrator determines this
Prose
ordinary writing as distinguished from verse
Satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
Setting
is the time and place of the action in a literary work
Style
the choices a writer makes; the combination of distinctive features of a literary work
Symbolism
the practice of investing things with symbolic meaning
Theme
is a central messaging or insight into the life revealed through a literary work
Tone
writer's attitude toward his or her audience and subject
Metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
Conflict
is a struggle between opposing forces
Internal Conflict vs. External Conflict
character in a conflict with himself/herself vs. character struggles against an outside force
Man vs. Man
main character vs. another character in story
Man vs. Nature
main character vs. some type of natural disaster
Man vs. Self
main character vs. himself/herself
Man vs. Society
main character vs. society or a large group of people
Figurative vs. Literal Language
nature of speech including figures of speech vs. words do not deviate from their defined meaning
Simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')