author tells what a character looks like, does, and says, as well as how other characters react to him/her
a device in a literary work by which an event or scene taking place before the present time in the narrative is inserted into the chronological structure of the work
the formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things, or of such images collectively
Irony of the Situation
a situation in which there is an incongruity between appearance and reality, or between expectation and fulfillment, or between the actual situation and what would seem appropriate
is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or situation in which there is an incongruity or discordance that goes beyond the simple and evident meany of words or actions
irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience or reader but not by the characters
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Third Person Limited
narrative mode in which the reader experiences the story through the senses and thoughts of just one character.
Third Person Objective
narrator is an outsider who can report only when he/she sees and hears. This narrator can tell us what is happening but he/she can't tell us the thoughts of the characters.
Third Person Omniscient
narrative mode in which both the reader and author observe the situation either through the senses and thoughts of more than one character, or through an overarching godlike perspective that sees and knows everything that happens and what the characters think.
writing or speech that explains a process or presents information. Introduces the characters, the setting, and the basic situation.
like a climax, it is a turning point in a story. It is the point at which you learn the story will not turn out the way you had expected
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
Internal Conflict vs. External Conflict
character in a conflict with himself/herself vs. character struggles against an outside force
Figurative vs. Literal Language
nature of speech including figures of speech vs. words do not deviate from their defined meaning