13 terms

Indian Empires WHI.4b-d

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Caste system
A Hindu social system that controlled every aspect of daily life; class determined occupation and social circle
Mauryan Empire
The first state to unify most of the Indian subcontinent. It was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 324 B.C.E. and survived until 184 B.C.E. From its capital at Pataliputra in the Ganges Valley it grew wealthy from taxes.
Asoka
Ruler of the Mauryan Empire who converted to Buddhism from Hinduism after witnessing massacre. He is credited with sending missionaries into Asia to spread Buddhism.
Gupta empire
Golden Age of India; ruled through central government but allowed village power; restored Hinduism
Hinduism
A religion native to India with no single founder. Derived by a collection of Indo-Aryan beliefs including karma and reincarnation.
Reincarnation
to be reborn
Karma
the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
Vedas
One of the most sacred texts of Hinduism
Upanishads
commentaries on the Vedas that are considered sacred texts in the Hindu religion
Buddhism
A religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama who preached in following the Eightfold Path in order to attain enlightenment.
Siddhartha Gautama
founder of Buddhism
Four Noble Truths
The four basic beliefs taught by Siddhartha Gautama that form the foundation of Buddhism.
Eightfold Path
basic rules on how to live a "right" life; similar to the Ten Commandments for Christians and Hebrews.