A Hindu social system that controlled every aspect of daily life; class determined occupation and social circle
The first state to unify most of the Indian subcontinent. It was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 324 B.C.E. and survived until 184 B.C.E. From its capital at Pataliputra in the Ganges Valley it grew wealthy from taxes.
Ruler of the Mauryan Empire who converted to Buddhism from Hinduism after witnessing massacre. He is credited with sending missionaries into Asia to spread Buddhism.
Golden Age of India; ruled through central government but allowed village power; restored Hinduism
A religion native to India with no single founder. Derived by a collection of Indo-Aryan beliefs including karma and reincarnation.
to be reborn
the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
One of the most sacred texts of Hinduism
commentaries on the Vedas that are considered sacred texts in the Hindu religion
A religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama who preached in following the Eightfold Path in order to attain enlightenment.
founder of Buddhism
Four Noble Truths
The four basic beliefs taught by Siddhartha Gautama that form the foundation of Buddhism.
basic rules on how to live a "right" life; similar to the Ten Commandments for Christians and Hebrews.